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accompanying achieved actions activities acts adjustments admitted altruism amount animals arises becomes belief benefit body bring called carried caused changes chapter civilized claims co-operation complete conceived conception concerned conclusions conduct consciousness consequences considered constituted continued course creatures definite depends desires direct duty effects efforts egoistic emotions entailed equal ethical evils evolution evolved existence experience fact feelings follows functions further give given greater happiness higher highest human ideal ideas immediate implied increase individual involved justice kind labour less living maintaining means moral motions nature needs object observe organism origin pains pass performed physical pleasures pleasures and pains possible present principle produce reached recognize refer regard relations relative requirements respect satisfactions shown social society structures suffering Suppose theory things thought tion truth ultimate welfare wrong yield
Página 19 - is a definite combination of heterogeneous changes, both simultaneous and successive, in correspondence with external coexistences and sequences.
Página 222 - I must again repeat what the assailants of utilitarianism seldom have the justice to acknowledge, that the happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of what is right in conduct is not the agent's own happiness but that of all concerned. As between his own happiness and that of others, utilitarianism requires him to be as strictly impartial as a disinterested and benevolent spectator.
Página 164 - Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.
Página 52 - For where no covenant hath preceded, there hath no right been transferred, and every man has right to everything and consequently, no action can be unjust. But when a covenant is made, then to break it is unjust and the definition of injustice is no other than the not performance of covenant. And whatsoever is not unjust is just.
Página 38 - as each one by close attention and reflection may convince himself, a natural and immediate determination to approve certain affections and actions consequent upon them ; " and since, in common with others of his time, he believes in the special creation of man, and all other beings, this " natural sense of immediate excellence " he considers as a supernaturally derived guide.
Página 123 - To make my position folly understood, it seems needful to add that, corresponding to the fundamental propositions of a developed Moral Science, there have been, and still are, developing in the race, certain fundamental moral intuitions ; and that, though these moral intuitions are the results of accumulated experiences of Utility, gradually organized and inherited, they have come to be quite independent of conscious experience.
Página 52 - Therefore before the names of just, and unjust can have place, there must be some coercive power, to compel men equally to the performance of their covenants, by the terror of some punishment, greater than the benefit \J they expect by -the breach of their covenant...
Página 123 - ... thought, apparently quite independent of experience; so do I believe that the experiences of utility, organized and consolidated through all past generations of the human race, have been producing corresponding nervous modifications, which, by continued transmission and accumulation, have become in us certain faculties of moral intuition — certain emotions responding to right and wrong conduct, which have no apparent basis in the individual experiences of utility. I also hold that just as the...