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Put thy will in his hand, and lie promises to make thee or willing in a day of his power.” And if the enmity and aversation of thy will be really thy exercise, it is an evidence that the Fopted consent of thy heart is already gained; for I never des fired a greater evidence of true love to Christ, than to be groaning under the enmity of the heart against him : so it is a hgn that the will is really bowed to him, where the remaining corrupt will is the foul's burden and exercise.

Now, I Thall conclude this exhortation with a few advices; if you, indeed, have a mind for this match with our Goel, our glorious Kinsman, who has avenged our quarrel upon hell, fin, and death. And for your direction, I recommend the praetice of Ruth, or her earriage till the accomplifhment of her marriage with Boaz, her kinsman or redeemer; for in the Hebrew language the fame word fignifies both a kinsman and redeemer, as you will see by noticing the margin of your Bibles, Ruth iv, 14. Now, I say, observe Ruth's management in this matter, and follow her example; for these things are written for our learning."

1. You will find, that Ruth she clave fast unto her mother Naomi, and thewed great kindness to her, fo that she would by no means part with her, when returning to her own country, to “ dwell under the wings of the God of Ifrael." We are told, that Orpah “kified her mother-in-law," and then left her, returning again unto her own people in the land of Moab, byt Ruth would by no means part with her, Ruth i. 16. 17. So my advice to you is, to cleave to your mother, the church, in her returning to the Lord God of Ifrael. I do not advise you to cleave to our mother in her backslidings from the Lord, but cleave to her in so far as the returns to the Lord God of Israel, to dwell under his shadow. If Ruth had left her mother Naomi, as Orpah did, she had never been married to her kinsman Boaz, she had been quite out of the way to it: fo my advice to you, in order to a marriage with Christ your blefied Kinsman, is to cleave to your, the church of Christ, in her returning to the Lord, and do her all the kindness that you can. Boaz took it kindly. that Ruth had dealt with her mother-in-law, and shewed her kindness in a Atrange land, and came along with her unto the land of Israel: fo Christ he takes it kindly when any fhew kindness unto his church, and cleave to her when in a strange land, or among the midst of enemies. Say with the psalmist, Pfal. cxxxvii. 5. 6." If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue clears to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerufalem

above my chief joy." O ftudy to keep by the poor church of Christ, el

pecially pecially in her returning to the Lord. I confess there are many things wrong in the church at this day, but yet we must not leave her for that, we must not, like Orpah, kiss her, and bid her adieu ; no, we must cleave to our mother, and yet separate ourselves from her defects, by giving due testimony against what is wrong about her.

2. Ruth, you will find, according to the advice of her mother Naomi, went and gleaned in the field of Boaz her kinfman; and she was discharged by Boaz, as well as her mother, from going to glean in another man's field. Do you the like, glean the field of our blessed Kinsman, Jesus Christ, and keep by his reapers, I mean the faithful ministers of Christ'; this is the advice given to the spouse, Cant. i. 7. 8. “ If thou know not, O thou faireft among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids among the shepherds tents. Why should I be as one that turneth alide by the flocks of thy companions ?" Do not turn aside unto the fields of frangers, deceivers, erroneous teachers, hirelings, who have the sheeps clothing, but “ inwardly are ravening wolves." Keep by Christ's green pastures, his field; for there you may expect to have something dropt for your encouragement, by the order of the great Master of the field ; as Boaz ordered his reapers to let handfuls fall to Ruth, when she kept by his field; so if you keep by the pure field of the preaching of the word and ordinances, as he has commanded them to be dispensed, you may expect that our kind Kinsman will let fome. thing fall for your encouragement:

3. Ruth, fhe improved every hint of Boaz's kindness and good-will, to cleave to him as her kinsman; and the more that. the observed his kindness, the more she was encouraged. So I would have you to encourage faith and trust in our Goel and Kinsman, from every hint of his good will and kindness manifested in his word. Do as the servants of Benhadad did, who catched at every favourable word that dropt from the mouth of the king of Israel. Gather up the fheaves, or the handfuls that he orders his reapers to let fall to you ; and when he bids you come at meal-time, and eat of his bread, and dip your morsel in his vinegar, or wine, be sure to do his bidding, and take it as a token of his kindness; for his heart is full of love, being love itself,

4. We are told, that Ruth did creep down at her kinsman's feet, chap. iij. 7. and under his covering, being encouraged thereunto by the relation he bore her, as a kinsman, by the kindly words and acts that he had shewed her. So


advice to you is, to lie down at the feet of our kind Kinsman, and creep under the covering of his righteousness; for he is "clothed

with a garment down to his foot;" and encourage yourselves to do so, from the kindness that he ihews by his words and acts. O what kindness has he newed in his word ! “ Come to me who will, I will in no wise cast out : Wholoever will, let him come, and take the water of life freely." O what kindly invitations doth he give to “come and eat of his bread, and drink of the wine that he hath mingled !" 0 what kindness appears in his acts, particularly in becoming "bone of our bone, and flesh of our fleth, laying down his life a ransom for many, in spoiling principalities and powers, and making a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in his cross ! Now, let all this encourage you to creep near him, and to creep under the covering of his law-fulfilling righreousness, and say to our Goel, as Ruth did to Boaz, chap. iii

. 9. “Spread thy skirt over me, for thou art a near kinsman," or, as in the margin,“ one that hath right to redeem.” Sirs, our blessed Boaz, he will be so far from taking this in ill part, that he will say to you, as Boaz did to Ruth, chap. iii. 10. It. And if you do this, our Kinsman will not be in rest, till he have finished the thing, according to your hearts desire, chap. iii. ult. And accordingly you find he finishes the redemption and marriage together in the last chapter,

I proceed now to the fourth branch of exhortation, from this second branch of the doctrine. Is it so, that Christ, our glorious Kinsman and Redeemer, has avenged our quarrel up on the powers of hell ? Did he, in the resentment of our quarrel, invade Satan's kingdom, counteract his project for our ruin, destroy his first-born, wreft the keys of hell and death out of his hand, make him a prisoner of war, and load him with chains of darkness, &c. ?" I say, has he thus aven: ged our quarrel upon our enemies? O then, let us have common friends and enemies with our glorious Kinsman, saying with David, Psal. cxxxix. 21. 22. “Do not I hate them that hate thee? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee? I hate them with perfect hatred : I count them

mine enemies." Sirs, you and I are called Christians, after our blefled Kinsman Christ, our very name bears that we are listed under his banner, engaged in the same quarrel with him, against Satan and all his auxiliaries ; and therefore let our resentment point the same way with Christ's, when he said, The day of vengeance is in mine heart. Christ's resentment did run against Satan, not as a creature, but as a sinner, as a criminal. It was the ruin of sin that Christ intended. pillar of Satan's kingdom in the world, it is his main and only bulwark, his “ first-born, and the beginning of his strength.” Christ well knew, that if once this were cut off and destroyed, VOL. II. 3 T


This is the great Satan's kingdom in the world would fall like lightning; and therefore we find it so frequently afferted, that this was the main and principal end of his manifeftation in the fieth, and of his manifestation in the word and Spiric : For this purpose, says the apostle John, the Son “was manifefted to take away fin," 1 John ini. so he came to “ fave his people from their anis? For this purpose was the Son of God manifested, to destroy the works of the devil,” that is, fin and death. Yea his very name was called “ Jesus, because he faves his people from their fins.”' Now, 1 say, was the vengeance of a Redeemer thus bended against this first-born of Satan, in order to our redemption?' Othen, let me call and invite all that profefs the name of Christ, or who have his name called upon them, to come forth “ to the help of the Lord against the mighty;" join hands with the Son of God, in helping to pull down the works of the devil in the world. As Chrift (pent his blood « to finish transgression, and to make an end of fin;" so let us even." refift unto blood, striving against it." This is what our glorious Kinsman and Avenger frequently calls us to in his word ; and to arm us with the greater refeniment against fin, he calls us to make war against fin, by a word borrowed from the kind of death that he suffered in avenging our quarrel, viz. that of crucihxion. He calls us to "crucify the flesh, with the affections and lusts.” “I am crucified with Christ,” says Paul. The Spi

. rit of God, no doubt, for holy ends, makes use of such an ex presion, particularly, that, by presenting the death and cross of Chrift unto our view, the remembrance of his death for our fins, might make us breathe after nothing less than the death and ruin of Gin in our own souls: and therefore I fay, O “ mor: tify the deeds of the body of Gin," and let nothing less than the total extirpation of it content you.




ON PSAL. q. 6.



Psal. ii. 6.—Yet have I set my King upon my holy bill of Zion


N the first three verses of this psalm, we have an account of

the strong opposition that is made to the kingdom and government of the Messiah. One would thought, that when he came into the world, every knee would bow unto him, crying, “ Hosanna to the Son of David ;" and that all the sceptres of the earth should have been laid at his feet ; but never was any government so much opposed. For, (1.) We are here told, that hell and earth take che alarm when he appears upon the stage : “ The heathen rage," &c. (2.) The opposition they make is here described; it is fpiteful and malicious ; for they rage and gnath their teeth at him, filled with indignation against him, Luke xiii. 14. John xi. 47. Ads v. 17. 33. and xix. 28. &c. It is deliberate ; they take counsel, &c. It is resolute ; they " set themselves against the Lord,” set their faces like flint, and make themselves a brow of brass. It is joint opposition; they combine. (3.) What they aim at by this oppolition to Chrift; they are children of Belial, that cannot end dure the yoke, they cast away his cords, his commandments, his


The following discourses were taken from the author's notes, which he never intended, at writing, for the public, but only for the help of his own memory, and were enlarged in the delivery, as the Lord was pleased to assist. Several discourses, particularly in the applicatory parts were omitted in the transcribing, to prevent their being too voluminous and large. Nothing but the clamours of enemies, and the importunity of friends, particularly with relation to the first sermon at Perth, has made the author yield to the publication. And he judged that the hrft discourse, without any more, would been too lame upon such a fubjet. No tongue, no pen can handle it according to its wortb. “Wha

lufiicient for these things ?"

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