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great grandeur and severity. Ve genius in the art of Painting. The lasquez is decidedly at the head of talents of Dobson, who flourished in the Spanish portrait painters, and the early part of the seventeenth frequently approaches Titian and
century, were confined to painting Vandyke. The compositions of the heads, which, however, he executed historical painters of Spain, namely, with great skill. The first English Coello, Morales, Murillio, Carrero, historical painter of any celebrity Herrera, &c.seldom rise much above was Sir James Thornhill
, who was mediocrity. They are full of sweet. born in 1677. He was principally ness and simplicity; but can rarely employed in painting the halls and boast of the highest qualities of art. staircases of our public edifices, and
The first painter of legitimate of the mansions of the nobility; and character, who appeared in France, the meretriciousness of composition, and the classical purity of whose and gaudiness of colour, incident to taste, formed on the models of an this decorative style of art, prevent cient art, will render his name im us from judging how highly his mortal, is Poussin. He flourished powers, which were unquestionably in the reign of Louis the XII. considerable, might, under more Poussin was succeeded by Le Sæur, favourable circumstances, have rais. the French Raphael, a man of a re ed him. The names of Greenhill, fined and elevated mind, but who Jervas, Richardson, and others, are failed in impressing upon his coun. unconnected with any works that trymen the value of the chaste prin. deserve to be rescued from oblivion. ciples, on which his style was found In fact, the practice of Painting in ed. The more ostentatious but less this country seemed nearly sunk estimable qualities of the pencil of into desuetude, when the sudden, Le Brun, Le Sæur's contemporary and almost simultaneous appearance and competitor, were in closer ac of that glorious triumvirate, Rey. cordance with French taste; and nolds, Hogarth, and Wilson, resthe exhibition which Le Brun made cued us from the imputation of deof his really great powers, debased ficient genius, and abundantly provas they were by the utter absence of ed the existence of a latent power, simplicity and truth, in his pictures which required only opportunity for of the battles of Alexander, won the its full and splendid developement. durable favour of Louis XIV.; and Every one of those great men
has induced the French nation to con left an immortal reputation. Prosider him as the head of the French foundly learned in the principles of School. Against the false and thea- his profession, Reynolds communitrical feeling, which Le Brun intro- cated to that branch of it to which duced, the Art in France struggled the taste of the times in which he in vain. With some exceptions, lived, chiefly (and perhaps, fortu, among the most exemplary of which pately) confined him, a character, was Sebastian Bourdon, the French which it is not too much to say, it painters, Mignard, Jouvenet, Cham- had never before enjoyed; for his pagne, Rigoud, Vanloo, Bouchet, portraits exhibit all the elevation &c. seemed solely intent upon ex and selection of historical composicelling one another in affectation tion, while they are painted with and flutter. Since the Revolution, unsurpassed faithfulness of resem. the painters of France have gone blance, vivacity of expression, lusinto the opposite extreme; and are ciousness of colour, and intensity of as dry and precise, as they were for cffect. To Hogarth, belongs the merly florid and incorrect. There rare praise of originality. The idea are among them, however, men of of conveying a powerful moral on very superior talents.
canvass, through a succession of England, owing probably in a pictures, was as new as it was felicigreat degree to the change of reli tous; and the success of the execugion, and to the coldness and insen tion, corresponded with the boldsibility to the beauties of the Fine ness of the design. , In him, to use Arts, by which the advocates of the the cloquent language of Mr. Shee, Reformation were most disadvan “ Britain may confidently boast tageously distinguished, was long of having produced one of those before she manifested any native distinguished spirits, those daring Eur. Mag. Vol. 82.
navigators of the intellectual ocean, and unaffected, and possessing a who launch boldly forth in quest of force which enfeebled every other new discoveries, and bring home work that came in comparison with unexpected treasures from territor- them, justly secured to him the chaies before unknown." The chaste, racter of being “a truly English though glowing tints of Wilson, painter." West, always respectand his simple breadth of light and able, and occasionally towering into shade, rank'him with the most cele- greatness, devoted a long life to the brated landscape painters of any age incessant pursuit of his Art; and, or nation.
towards the decline of his days, In the list of eminent English enjoyed the satisfaction of finding artists, now no more, who obeyed that homage liberally paid to his the generous impulse given by the talents, which had been but sparing. three extraordinary individuals to ly bestowed upon them when they whom we have just adverted, the were in their meridian.
of Gainsborough, Barry, Of our living painters we abstain, Romney, Opie, and West, are con for reasons of a very obvious nature, spicuous. In subjects of rustic sim from indulging in any individual plicity and beauty, Gainsborough description, content with the perhad no equal. The works of Barry, forniance of the pleasing duty which although not free from incongru. we have prescribed to ourselves, of ities, evince a mind absorbed by the calling the attention of our readers contemplation of the intellectual to their works, as from time to time qualities of the Art. Romney in- they are presented to the public fused into his portraits, which were view. This, however, we may be painted with almost miraculous dex- permitted to say, and we say it with terity of execution, a
a perfect conviction of the truth of pression peculiarly his own; and the assertion, that they form a mass the cartoons which have lately been of talent, in the various departments presented by his son, the Rev. J. of the Art, of which they are the Romney, to the Univerity of Ox- professors and the ornaments, which ford, afford proof of his skill in his may fearlessly challenge the coretorical, or rather poetical composi- petition of the world. tion. The pictures of Opie, simple
FOREIGN FINE ARTS.
A Picture Gallery has been esta- and the most celebrated paintings, blished at Madrid, by order of the distributed in different apartments
. Government; it consists of the works The King, who is the patron of this of Spanish Painters only.—The num. Establishment, has appointed the ber of Pictures already amount to Minister Hut to take charge of the 332, and will be augmented by a selection and arrangement of the great many others, taken from the different curiosities, which compose different palaces of the King.. This this collection. Museum is opened to the public once M. Taurieus Euboeus, member of a week.
the Berlin and Roman Academies, Bystrom, the celebrated Swedish bas published a Catalogue of Prints, Sculptor, has just returned from engraved from Raphael's works. Rome, with the intention of passing The author himself, who resides in a short time in his native country, Germany, possesses nearly 600 prints, His studio is daily crowded by per after the designs of Raphael. sons anxious to view a statue of The cast of the statue of the mo“ Hero," on which he is at present nument of Luther, at Wittenberg, is employed.
finished, as well as the iron canopy, A Museum has been established under which the statue is to be in the city of Berlin, in which it is placed. The pedestal and the four contemplated to unite the most noted tables, bearing the inscriptions, now statues, the most curious medals, only remain to be completed.
An Italian, named Rosetti, is attacked by him and the Centurions, erectiny, at his own expense, in the concealed for that purpose. The Church of St. Giusto, at Trieste, premium, a gold medal, worth 30 a monument to the memory of the sequins. .celebrated Winckelmann, whose re Ornamental Design.-A Sepulchral mains are deposited in the same Urn, to be placed by itself, on a church ; and the sculptor, Bosa, has pedestal. Premium, a gold medal, undertaken its execution.
of the value of 20 sequins. The following is a list of subjects The celebrated Sculptor, Liborio for the year 1823, offered by the Londini, of Rome, has imitated, in Imperial and Royal Academy of Palambino marble, the beautiful TraFine Arts at Milan; and for which jan column, with its two thousand premiums will be given. Foreign figures, its bridges, machines, buildas well as Italian artists are allowed ings, &c. His work, which excites to compete.
the admiration of all connoisseurs, Architecture. The plan of a large is only of 6 palmes elevation. and magnificent edifice, to be dedi A Milanese, Stephen Barozzi, bas cated to the encouragement of the discovered the means of taking from Fine Arts, to be erected on a space walls paintings in fresco of every of ground, covering 24,000 square size, and can remove them any where mctres.—The edifice must contain withont injury. He applies a preSchools for Architecture, Painting pared cloth to the wall, which draws and Sculpture; a large hall, for the the picture in such a manner that distribution of prizes ; a gallery for the artist can at the same time sepapictures, statues, and the annual
rate both the painting and cloth from exhibition of works of art; a Mu the wall, so that the wall remains seum for antiquities; and a hall for bare. The cloth is then spread out the meeting of the Council. It must, upon a frame, and another cloth also, be able to contain apartments applied to it, upon which the picture for Professors, Secretaries, Guar attaches itself without any alteration. dians, and servants. The prize is In making excavations at Quina gold medal, worth 60 sequins. tiol, not far from Tivoli, a beautiful
Painting.– Dante, accompanied fragment of a Nereid and of a young by Virgil into the infernal regions, man has been discovered. And at conversing with the shades of Paolo, Tor Marancio a fine statue of Bacand Francesco da Rimino: The chus. The stair-case of the temple picture is to represent that period of of Venus has been found between time described in the latter part of the arch of Titus and S. Francesca the 5th Canto of the Divine Co Romana. medie:"
It is said that Madame Murat, the
ci-devant queen of Naples, has sold Mentre l'uno spirito questo disse, L'altro piangeva sè che di pietade.
her precious collection of Etruscan
and Grecian vases to the court of T'venni men cosè, com’ió morisse, E caddi come corpo morto cade.
Austria for 100,000 forins.
The library of the Vatican has The size is to be five feet by seven, received 'a considerable addition of and the premium, a gold medal, worth Egyptian antiquities, amongst which 20 sequins.
are ten epitaphs, one of the seventh, Sculpture.-Apollo, with the dy and the other of the eighth century. ing Hyacinthus. The group is to One, more modern and very interestbe composed of baked earth, 3 feet ing, is of the twelfth century, and high, including the base of the pe contains the genealogy, perhaps the destal. The premium, a gold me only one of its kind, of seventeen dal, worth 43 sequins.
ancestors of the deceased in a direct Engraving. The subject to be line. The most remarkable sculptaken from the work of some cele tures are, Ist. three large sarcopha. brated artist. The size to be at least gi, of black basalt, bordered round 60 square inches. Premium, a gold with hieroglyphics. This stone, medal, worth 30 sequins.
which is very hard indeed, is worked Historical Design.--Geta, intro with astonishing ability, as well in duced into the chamber of Julia to the drawing as in the precision of obtain an interview with Caracalla, the chissel. These sarcophagi con.
tain three coffins of sycamore wood, grace. In the left hand is the bri. enclosing the bodies of some per- dle, and in the right a marshal's sons of very high rank. Nothing buton. The statue is fourteen feet of this kind had ever been seen be- six inches high, and is supported by fore at Rome. · 2dly, The colossal the two hinder feet and the tail. head of a man in red granite, cover. This bold attitude, which renders ed with the sacred veil, and resem. the monument as light as it is elebling the Isis of the capitol, with the gant, has been effected by making ornaments well preserved, painted in one part of the statue solíd and the different colours. It is a part of a other part hollow. On one side of whole figure designed to cover a the pedestal is inscribed, Ludorico coffin. 3dly, a sitting figure of a magno-to Louis the Great; and on priest in alabaster. 4thly, the torso the opposite side, Ludovicus XVIII. of an Egyptian divinity in marble, elavo suo-Louis XVIII. to his of an unknown but very beautiful grandfather. kind. The work is in an elegant M. Dubour, a distinguished pupil style and well preserved. 5thly, one of M. Gall, has executed a medal in of the great colossal figures which honour of Dr. Pariset, one of the were at the gate of the temple of learned and courageous French phyCarmac, near Thebes, ornamented sicians, who last year went to Bar with a great many hieroglyphics, celona to stop the ravages of the eighteen palms high, and which is plague. On one side is the bust of mentioned in the grand work of the the Doctor, on the other the follow, French Institute upon Egypt. ing inscription :-ire obriam Cadena
STATUE OF Louis xiv.-This new tis misrris ægris.-Cadiz, 1819.statue, which is erected in the Place Barcelona, 1821. des Victoires, at Paris, is from the A work has been published in chissel of M. Bosio, and is worthy France containing the representation of the reputation of that able artist. and description of all the medals Louis is represented on a refractory struck in honour of Napoleon durhorse ; but the attitude of the king ing his reign, in the different counis firm, and apparently incapable of tries then united to France, or under being disturbed by the turbulence his subjugation. Thirteen of these of his horse ; the unruly animal medals were struck in 1796 ; in 1797, seems to hend under the powerful 30; in 1798, 241 ; in 1799, 13; in weight of his rider. The king is 1800, 25; in 1801, 33; in 1802, 29; clothed in Roman costume, an ad in 1803, 20; in 1804, 30; in 1805, vantage which the artist doubtless 59; in 1807, 35; in 1808, 20; in availed himself of in order the bet- 1809, 36 ; in 1810, 29; in 1811, 13; ter to represent the model and shape in 1812, 17; in 1813, 17; in 1814, of the body. The phisiognomy- is 11; in 1815, 9; twenty medals withreplete with dignity, force, and out date.—Total, 483.
VELUTI IN SPECULUM."
DRURY-LANE THEATRE. This theatre opened for the sea a new drop scene; a profusion of son, since our last number, with the gilding and colouring, very tastecomedy of the School for Scandal. fully distributed, and the decoration The interior of the house has under of the pannels in the dress circle gone a total and magnificent change; with paintings from Shakespeare's the most prominent features of most celebrated scenes. The aye. which are the reduction of the area, nues have also been fitted up and the enlargement of the stage in embellished, and the saloon, which width, the removal of the stage is absolutely lined with lookingdoors, and the institution of boxes glass from the ceiling to the tloor, in their room; the introduction of presents the most splendid object of
the kind to be found in this country. abrupt visit has sometimes added to Our Readers will expect that we the humour and vivacity of a whole should say something, as to the scene, by a sort of reflective opeeffect of those alterations. And first ration. In tragedy, perhaps, the with regard to the reduction of the circumstance is of less importance, area. Though not execnted to any but melo-drama is that species of considerable extent, or indeed to representation, which is must likely any extent apparent to the eye of a to profit from the change to which casual observer, it has much im we have alluded. The only objecproved the theatre in point of hear- tion to tlie paintings from Shakeing; but the variations of passion speare is one that could not he expressed in the countenance, of avoided, the dimensions of the panwhich so much used to be thought nels requiring that they should be in the days of Garrick and Barry, executed on a scale too small for still remain undistinguishable to the the size of the house. The idea itgreater pumber of spectators, in con- self was conceived in very pure taste, sequence of the inconvenient dis- not only as it paid a just complitance at which they are placed. For ment to the greatest dramatic gethis reason, amongst others, the nius that ever delighted mankind, ambition which first led to the crea- but as it was intended to combine, tion of those enormous buildings, in one view, more direct and senin later times, has not only contri- sible evidence of the variety of his buted to the embarrassment of all poetical creations than could be actheatrical property, but to the in- complished, without the intervention jury of the fine art which it profess- of the sister art. A task more hoed to dignify and encourage. So norable or inore congenial to the far as the size has been contracted, brilliant capabilities of painting can in the present instance, it affords scarcely be imagined, than the effort matter for praise, and as the at of thus accumulating the recollectempt, however cautiously under tions of an imperishable mind. taken, at least implies a tacit ac But whatever qualifications may acknowledgment of the original de company our praise of the details, fect on the part of managers them we cannot speak too highly of the selves, the Public may look forward general effect produced by this beautto its ultimate correction, when the tiful theatre. The castof The School spirit of enterprize catches fire from for Scandal with which it opened, the rapid improvement of the age. introduced Mr. Dowton to the town As for the enlargement in the width after an absence of two years; and of the stage, there are many who he, together with Messrs. Terry, will not regard it in the light of an Elliston, and Munden, have contiimprovement at all. It is a general nued to keep them in good humour principle with theatrical judges, by their excellent acting. Mr, that the sooner a character disap- Young leads in the tragic departpears from the eye of an audience ment during the absence of Mr, after the speaking is over the better, Kean, who is not expected until for the impression which a performer next month, with which statement leaves behind. This is particularly we may conclude our aceount of · observable in comedy, where an Drury Lane for the present.
COVENT-GARDEN THEATRE. This theatre has also undergone though it betrays a manifest enalterations, but they are compara. deavour at fine writing in some pastively of a very trifling nature. sages, the execution is, upon the The removal of the basket boxes, whole, languid and un nteresting. however, has added something to The character of Ali, serious, declathe appearance and not a little to matory, and without any relief, was the good order of the house. There given to Mr. Farren, as if managers bas been but one new piece brought had determined that though there forward as yet, and that is scarcely was no comic part in the drama, deserving of any notice. It is called there should at least be a conric Ali Pacha and is a translation from performer. Among the variety of the French by Mr. Plancha, but new appearances which have gone