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sittart moveil, that the House do plained, that the Government had adjourn to Monday, August 5, when reduced the taxes, but had not reMr. H. G. Bennet said, that he was duced their expenditure. He hoped, happy to observe, that although the before the next Session, to hear, House had, in preceding Sessions, that the expenditure had been renever attended to the wishes of the duced by £7,000,000. people, they had, this year, evidently MONDAY, Aug. 5.-General Gasbeen influenced considerably by the coyne presented a petition, signed sentiments of the country. They by all the respectable merchants of had lessened the expenditure, and Liverpool, complaining of the Godiminished the taxes, but not, he vernment, in not recognising the contended, to a degree sufficient; Independence of South America. and he hoped next Session to see He stated, that the Columbian States the work of reduction pursued much had refused to admit the vessels of further. He congratulated the House countries which would not acknowon their having diminished the in- ledge the Independeuce of their Refluence of the Crown, by their votes, publics.—The General presented a siin the case of the Postmaster-General milar petition from the Clothiers of and the junior Lords of the Ad- Leeds.-Mr.Lushington maintained, miralty; and proceeded to complain that the Government had acted with of the fact, exposed by a return every regard to the dignity and inmade to parliament, of seventy mem terests of the nation. bers annually receiving between TUESDAY, Aug. 6.-About two them £130,000. of the public money o'clock, the Speaker, and the Memand which seventy members were, bers present, proceeded to the House on all occasions, the supporters of of Lords, and returning, after an Government. The hon. member then absence of twenty minutes, the adverted to the very large number, Speaker read a copy of the Speech and to the respectability of those, of his Majesty, in proroguing the wlio had this Session voted for Par. Parliament (for which see the liamentary Reform.—Mr. Hume fol- Lords.)—The members then sepalowed on the same side, but com rated.

COLONIAL. The resolution of Government to six slaves ; of these two hundred allow the importation of East India died of disease after their capture; sugars at a duty, which will bring and five hundred were drowned by them to about an equal price with the upsetting of a Schooner, in a the produce of our West India Colo. squall: so that only one thousand, nies, must have the effect of convinc two hundred of these unfortunate ing the West India proprietors of victims were restored to their counthe great advantages of cultivation try by the humane and gallant exerby free labourers, over the employ- tions of our officers and seamen.ment of slaves. We are sorry, to The Government have appointed a state, that the news of the last Commission of Inquiry into the state month afford us a lamentable proof of all our insular East India and that, in spite of all the efforts of West India Colonies, including the this country, and in spite of the Cape of Good Hope, and as the sums we have paid to Foreign Go state of manners and morals in these vernments, they still allow of the colonies requires amendment, this Slave Trade in a frightful degree. measure of Government is highly The boats of the Iphigenia and praiseworthy. Colonial produce conMyrmidon have attacked and cap tinues much depressed in the martured a squadron of seven sail of kets, and colonial property is at Slave Traders, containing one thou as dreadfully a low ebb. sand, eight hundred, and seventy

FOREIGN. The attempt at Counter revolution, ple is in favour of the rational liber. by the royal guards at Madrid, has ty imparted to them by the constitubeen so easily suppressed, as to con tion. ‘Bands of serviles and fanatics vince all persons that the sense of still infest the mountainous prothe great body of the Spanish peo vinces, committing every horrid

excess in favour of what they term in possession of the Greeks; in short loyalty and religion-one of these from the southern Cape Matapan, bands of rebels has been defeated by the Tenarium promontorium of the the Militia, near Tich, in Catalonia, ancients, to the river Vardar, (the with the loss of six hundred men. ancient Axius) including all Greece Some thirty priests found among except Macedonia, is now rescued them were executed by martial law. from the Turks, who hold only a The failure of the revolution at Ma few strong forts and fortresses in the drid is likely to be of great use to mountainous districts of Epirus. the cause of the Liberales. The The forfeited possessions of the former ministry are disinissed. The

Turks are so large, that the Greeks insurgent guards have been sent one pay their soldiers in land at the hundred miles from the capital ; the rate of one acre per month each man. Duke of Infantado, and the Marquis The Greek fleet, by means of fire de las Amarillas have been banished, ships, has destroyed a part of the and a ministry of enlightened prin- Turkish navy at Scio. The Turkish ciples has been established under Admiral, who committed such dreadLapes Banos. The Spanish budget ful atrocities on the Sciotes, was exhibits the finances in a most fa- blown up in his ship of one hundred vourable state. The sales of seques- and thirty guns.. Three ships were tered property have produced 80 per sunk, and seven frigates stranded.-cent above the estimate, and the Sixteen ships from Constantinople estimate made the sequestrations two have been captured by the Greeks, thirds more than sufficient to dis who have now the undisputed supecharge the national debt of about riority of the Archipelago, and the £50,000,000 sterling.

Ionian seas. The continental papers complain of the spirit of liberty, pervading

The Portuguese Government with

a liberality and good sense highly the lower classes, and of its having to their credit, have acknowledged developed itself even in the Russian

the independence of Columbia. Boarmies on the Turkish frontier. If livar has defeated the Royalists in the governments of the continent do

a great pitehed battle, whilst Paez not guide this spirit to moderate and

has captured from them the fort of rational results, the effects may be Mirador de Solano, commanding dreadful; and we may have revolu

their only remaining possession of tions as terrific as that of France. Porto Cabello. The Congress of the It is observed that fires of an alarm

Brazils have met, and have placed ing nature are continually breaking the Prince on the throne as Emperor out all over Germany. The French of the Brazils, which is tantamount budget represents their finances as

to declaring a thorough indepenhighly prosperous. A court is sitting dence of the mother country. Mr. at Colmar, to try General Berton Zea, the Minister from the Columand his associates in his wild and

bian Republic to the European Goundigested attempt at revolution.

vernments, has been favourably reThe Cordon Sanitaire is still kept ceived by the first commercial and up on the Spanish Frontier. The political characters of England. The debates in the Chamber of Deputies following countries of South Ameare very stormy, but the ultra minis- rica may now be considered to all try command large majorities on all intents and purposes, as free and inoccasions. The Congress is about dependent common-wealths: to open near Vienna, to which the Sovereigns are repairing.

Square leagues. Inhabitants. The cause of the Greeks prospers

Columbia 130,000 3,000,000 beyond the expectations of the most Peru

31,000 1,300,000 sanguine friends of liberty :-all the Chili

35,000 900,000 ancient Peleponesus, with the Isth Buenos Ayres 144,000 1,200,000 mus, Attica, Bæotia, Locris, Phocis, Mexico ... 145,000 7,000,000 Doris, Aetolia, and Acarnania, with a part of Thessaly and Epirus, are Total.... 485,000®,. 13,400,000

Four hundred and eigbty-five thousand square leagues contain 4,365,000 square miles, and are equal to 2,793,600,000 English acres; and this extent of territory is exclusive of the immeuse provinces of the Brazils, and of Amazovia and Palagonia.

The influence which the liberation and agree upon a boundary line be of so prodigious a tract of country, tween the territories of the United and of so large and increasing a States and the American Colonies of population, will have upon the affairs Great Britain, have terminated their of Europe is incalculable. Iturbide, labours, and, after a four days' conwho has made himself sovereign of ference, have amicably agreed upon Mexico, is not likely to meet with a line of Demarcation. acquiescence in his usurpation, on At Bombay a weekly newspaper, the part of the Republicans.-Our in the Bengalee language, has been exports to Columbia alone have published ; and a fine teak built doubled since the year 1817. eighty-gun ship has been launched

The Commissioners, appointed un from the Dock-yard, at Calcutta. der the Treaty of Ghent to survey

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

AMERICA.

FOREIGN.

tions which were submitted to him, Domestic Telegraph.—This is a very

relative to the state of Christianity, superior invention to bells, though

and of its jntroduction into his dominthcy are not without their use. It

ions. He has, however, expressly foris intended to convey orders to ser

bidden the admission of Christian vants, which they can instantly exe

Missionaries. It is, nevertheless, to be cute, without the usual loss of time hoped, that these orders will not be in going to receive a verbal command. more rigorously put in force than Mr. Pearson, the inventor, a resident

under the late Emperor. We bare at Boston, conceived the possibility of

also reason to believe, that they will surmounting the difficulties, that walls

not extend to the religious who reside and distance opposed to his success,

at the astronomical college of Pekin, and of preventing the necessity of

as they do not endeavour to make speech. The master is obeyed as

proselytes, and merely afford spiritual promptly and as punctually as possible,

assistance to the Christians residing in and the servant, certain of understand

the capital. ing his orders, need not fear the effects

ASIA MINOR. of want of memory. Mr. Pearson's telegraph consists of two dials, divided The city of Cydonia, which has been in the same manner, each of the nee- 'surprised and destroyed by the Turks, dles is subject to the same movement

possessed some excellent establishat the same time, and over the same

ments of public utility, particularly a space. The communication of the college and a rich library. The bar. movement, from one needle to the

barians set fire to the entire city, so other, was the only difficulty in this

that stones and bones are now the mechanical problem; this obstacle has only monuments of its late grandeur. been ingeniously surmounted. One

SANDWICH ISLANDS. of the dials is placed in the master's Captain Kotzebue, in his voyage of room, and can be made an elegant Discovery, has precisely ascertained decoration; the other in any situation the elevation of the gigantic mounmost convenient to servants.

tains of the Sandwich isles, which had one of the divisions, which can be so often excited the admiration and multiplied at pleasure, represents an astonishment of navigators. They are order by an understood sign or figure; as follows. the master points the needle of his

Island of Owyhee. dial to the sign or command he wishes Merino Roa—toises 2482,4 to be obeyed, and that instant the Merino Kaah - do. 2180,1 signal is repeated on the dial fixed up Merino Wororai do. 1689,1 for the servants' use. This telegraph

Isle of Mowee, is easily constructed and of very tri.

The highest summit-toises 1669,1 fling expense.

EGYPT

Mahomet-Ali-Pacha, desirous of proThe new Emperor has deferred moting the progress of civilization giving any decision ou several ques throughout the provinces subject to

Every

CHINA.

RUSSIA.

his dominion, has ordered an establish tion of Muratori. The Russian Chroniment to be founded in Egypt, on the cles, from the year 1130, and 1131, plan of the French Lyceums. At the speak of a Posadnic, of Novogorod, head of this interesting establishment, whom they Dame Petrillo, and who he has placed Noureddin Effendi, a seems to have possessed a high reputaMussulman, who, from having received tion. From his name, hawever, it would an European education, is peculiarly appear, that he was not a Russian, and qualified for the appointment. The that he was, in all probability, an efforts of the viceroy to promote the Italian. On the other hand the Conarts and sciences, cannot be too highly stitution, or Statutes of Novogorod, and praised; and there is reason to believe their relation with this Prince, seem to that the counsels of the French Con oppose this conjecture. M. de Struve sul general, M. Drouetti, the labours has caused this question to be inserted of ihe French engineer, M. Pascal in the literary Journals of Germany. Coste, who is charged with the direc. Shortly will be published, at St. tion of the canal of Mahmoudieb, will Petersburgh, a German translation of form a new epoch in the history of a work, written in the Mogul language, the regeneration of the land of the entitled, The History of the Moguls. Pharaohs. To those ingenious French By Ssanany Tsatsan, Chungtaidschi.men will be added, M. Basili Fakr, This translation will be accompanied a learned Arabian translator of many by an Introduction and Notes, by Isaac French works of Voltaire, Rollin, Fene Jacob Schmidt. lon, Beccaria, Volney, &c. He is now

POLAND. completing a translation of the history of Alexander the Great. Hadgi Oth In consequence of the proposition man, a learned and philosophic Mus- from the Government of Poland being selman, who is now at Paris, by order approved by the Emperor, Mr. Sebastian of his master, to acquire a knowledge Ciampi is appointed the active Corres of the French literature and science, pondent in Italy, by the Committee of is also to be of the number to whom the Public Iustruction and Worship. He is revival of learning in Egypt is to be to collect all the intormation than can intrusted.

be found in the records of Rome, or

any other town in Italy, relating to the It appears, from a statistical map of

civil or ecclesiastical history of Poland: Russia lately published, that the popu

Mr. Ciampi retains his Canonship of lation of this vast empire, of which the Warsaw, and his title of Professor of superficies is 298,950 square miles, is

the University in that town. He will increased to 40,067,000 inbabitants ;

usually reside at Florence. that the number of public buildings

GEAMANY. and manufactories is about 3,724 ; that A new philological journal, entitled, the capital employed by merchants in Miscellanea marimâ parte critica, will commerce is 319,660,000 roubles, and shortly be published at Hildesheim ; that the amount of the Poll Tax and its contributors are some of the most the taxes on beverage is 169,350,000 distinguished men in Germany. Messrs. roubles,

Secbode, Herman, Passon, Poppo, The Emperor of Russia desirous that Osan, Ablevardt, Raden, Bardili, Scho criminals, who, repenting of their trans leusner, &c. are of the number. "Four gr ns, reform their lives either early number each consisting of twelve or late, may be able to enter into so. leaves, will be published annually. ciety, (even in case of transportation This collection will be enriched with for life into the province of Siberia,) unpublished notes by Saumaise, Cleriand also with a view to remove the cus, Reinesius, and with various reado temptation, to which they are exposed, ings from ancient manuscripts. The of returning to their evil courses, in price of the Journal is about 178. 6d. consequence of the brand which it has per annum. been usual to fix upon them, and which The celebrated geographer, Manalways exposes them to public disgrace, nert, professor at Landshut, has recent. has abolished for ever the custom ofly published the second part of the branding.

second division of his Geography of M. de Struve, Russian Counsellor of the Greeks and Romans. It contains State in Hamburgh, lias engaged such every information relative to Brittany. as have made the history of Russia This second edition is a completely their particular study, to send bim in- original work; a deep research and formation on the following subject, study of the ancients has led the learnwhich is elucidated neither by hiso ed German to real and important distorians nor by the voluminous collec. coveries. Even in its present unfinished

state, his work is invaluable as a study the kind that exists in Germany. Ils of antiquity.

composition is not less extraordinary The Emperor has offered one thou than its execution. Another remarkasaud ducats in gold to the author of ble monument is the Teuteubourg, or the best work on the construction of Teutobourg, an entrenchment in whose windmills, whether he be a native or a stone ramparts no trace of mortar can foreigner.

be discovered. It was here that QuinM. Emmanuel Steudel, of Esslingen, tillius Varus suffered his famous defeat, in the territory of Wurtemberg, invent Each drawing will be accompanied ed last year portable grates, by which with a brief description, entirely foundfood may be dressed much more con ed upon facts. The second division of veniently and agreeably than in the this work will comprehend Roman mousual manner. It saves half the time, numents. It will contain, in the first and two-thirds of the fuel generally place, pieces of architecture which employed. There is a particular de have been recovered from the subterscription given of it in No. 190 of the ranean ruins turned up io 1818, by the Universal Indicator of Southern Ger Count de Solms-Laubach, in the envimany, which our brief limits will not rons of Bonn. The drawings are exe. permit us to extract.

cuted under the direction of the archi An important work on the monu tect 'Hundeshagen; secondly, figures *ments of ancient Germans and Romans of bronze, engraved stones, vases of is on the eve of publication, by Cotta, different kinds, and the different coins a bookseller at Stuttgard. The execu and medals which have been recovered tion of it was entrusted to Doctor Do at the same time; thirdly, other ancirow, a learned antiquary, and Aulic ent remains, found also in the environs Counsellor, at Bonn, by the Russian go. of Bonn. The price of the work, which vernment. The same author has al. will be succeeded by other volumes, is ready published A Collection of Ger eight forins, or about 15s. man and Roman Antiquities ; but the two works have nothing in common.

NETHERLANDS. The Prince of Hardenberg, chancellor of Prussia, established a particular ad.

M. Van Geel, to whom we are ministration, for the purpose of pre.

indebted for the statue of Civilis, serving the German and Roman anti

has just finished that of the Colossal quities found in the different countries

Lion, which is to be placed on the that lie along the Rhine, and also of heights of Waterloo: it is M. Vander re-uniting, classing, and giving de

Straëten, who is now rebuilding the scriptions of them. Doctor Dorow is

palace of the States general at Brussels, president of this institution, and tbe

to whom the public is indebted for the present work is the first-fruit of the

conception and design of this monu. situation wbich he holds. It will form

ment.

The art of Lithography is progresa folio volume of about one hundred pages, with thirty-five drawings, en

sively improving in the hands of M. graved or lithographed. The first di

Jobard, who has just published bis fifth vision, comprising the ancient German

number of the Voyage pittoresque dans monuments of Westphalia, will contain

les pays bus. among others, a drawing of the cele

ITALY. brated mass of stones, known by the name of Eostre rupes, or rupes Pica The Typographical Society of Clas. rum, in the country of Lippe-Detmold. sical Italian Authors have resolved to These isolated and gigantic rocks serv publish all the classical literature of ed the ancient Germans in their religi the eighteenth century, of which fiftyous worship. They are apparently the two volumes, in octavo, bave already altars on which Tacitus says that the appeared. In this interesting collec tribunes and Roman generals were sa tion are inserted, the Treatise of Docrificed after the battle of Arminius. minico Guglielmini, Della Natura Vestiges of sacrifice are still found De' Fiumi, together with the Notes of around these monuments. When the Eustachio Manfredi; the best Comedies inhabitants of this country became of Goldoni ; a Selection from the works converted to the Christian religion of Gaspazo Gozzi; the works of Cesure iu subsequent times, their devotion Beccaria; and the Annals of Italy, by prompted them to efface the recollec Muratori. Though the title of classic tion of paganism by a colossal in bas is too liberally bestowed on some of relief, cut into this very rock, and re these authors, the choice of the works presenting the descent of the cross. is so generally good, that it inust ensure It is perlaps the most aucient work of the success of the collection,

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