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sublime as a mountain, and a good poet language in which it is expressed poswill imbue a pack of cards with more sess all the characters mentioned by poetry than inhabits the forests of Ame Mr. Roscoe. He must, therefore, in rica.” Of the truth of this observation our opinion, seek elsewhere for the eswe might give innumerable instances, sence of poetry, for if his definition but it has been so clearly demonstrated
were right, the orations of Cicero and in a late vindication of Pope's poetical Demosthenes would be poetical in the character, that we cannot do better than highest degree. refer, our readers to the work itself®. We must therefore confess, that the Mr. Roscoe, we think, is equally un Italian critics appear to us to have taken happy in his own definition of poetry, a fairer view of Lorenzo's poetical geso unhappy indeed, that the poetical nius and merits than Mr. Roscoe, and varnish in which he says Pignotti makes that as Pignotti justly observes,“ howit consist, approaches nearer to its real ever well a person may understand a essence, though still at an immense dis
foreign language, he can with difficulty tance from it. Wherever there is poe enter into its poetical refinements, tical varnish, there must be something though we believe, at the same time, of poetry, but there may not be a par that Mr. Roscoe has been misled rather ticle of it in what he calls poetry. The by his partiality for Lorenzo than by “ The essence of poetry," he says, a want of taste to appreciate the beau“ must consist in the strength and no ties and perceive the elegancies and invelty of the thought, and in the apti- elegancies of his poetry. We shall now tude and propriety of the language to examine how far he has been successful express such thought in the most im- in vindicating the conduct of Lorenzo pressive and effectual manner." This against the writers who have lately imwe think may be as much the essence of pugned his character as a statesman, prose as of poetry, for a thought ex and censured the influence which he pressed in the commonest prose, may exercised over the political affairs of possess strength and novelty, and the Italy,
(To be concluded in the next.)
Enchiridion; containing Institutions :-Divine : Contemplative, Practical:
Moral : Ethecal, Economical, Political. By FRANCIS QUARLES. Reprinted London, 1822. pp. 275. 4to.
MECA Bißrus, Meya xaxoy—A great which we commenced, is by no means book is a great evil is an old, and an applicable to the minimum quarto beapproved saying. It may be for this fore us. None of our readers, we susreason, perhaps, that the dust of ages” pect, will be deterred from the perusal is suffered to accumulate upon those by its inconvenient bulk, while the ex" massive tomes,” those venerable relics cellence of its contents, the novelty of of hoar antiquity, which, however valu- its form, and the unrivalled beauty of able their contents, are suffered to re the typographical execution cannot fail pose upon the shelves of our public li to secure it an extensive patronage. braries, undisturbed but by the book Francis Quarles, the author of the
or the retrospective reviewer. the work before us, was born in 1590, We are happy, however, to perceive of a wealthy and most respectable fathat the public does begin to appreciate mily, at Stewards, near Romford, in these “ precious jewels;" and that, Essex. His grandfather was Sir Robert without neglecting contemporary ge- Quarles ; and his father, James Quarles nius, it has received with due encou Esq. was Clerk to the Board of Green ragement the elegant reprints, of which Cloth, and Purveyor to the Navy of so many have of late issued from the Queen Elizabeth. We find no particupress. "The quotation, however, with lars of our author's early youth, but at
See a letter to the Rev. W. L. Bowles, in vindication of the poetical character of Pope, by Martin M. Dermot-page 22. Eur. Mag. Vol. 81, May 1822.
the usual age, he appears to have been of our unfortunate author gave him an sent to Christ's College, Cambridge, and additional claim to the royal bounty. afterwards to have studied the law in As a poet, Quarles appears to have Lincoln's Inn. Being intended for public enjoyed considerable popularity in his life, he sought and obtained the office day. His venerable and benevolent of cup-bearer to the Princess Elizabeth, master, writing to Gerard Vossius, deeldest daughter of James the First, scribes him as vir ob sacratiorem poesin Electress Palatine and Queen of Bohe- apud Anglos non incelebris ; & and Wood mia. Her service, however, he soon goes still farther, and calls him “ the quitted, probably on the decline of the sometime darling of our plebeian judgElector's affairs, and went over to Ire ments;" and Philips testifies that “ his land, where he became secretary to the verses have been ever, and still are in Archbishop of Armagh. To the daugh- wonderfulestimation among the vulgar." ter of this excellent prelate, the faire Pope, indeed, (for it was the fashion branch," as he calls her, "of_growing of that day to look rather at an auhonour and true virtue, Mrs. Elizabeth thor's deficiencies than at his merits) Usher," he dedicated the second cen attributes his fame, rather to the pretty tury of his Enchiridion; the first being pictures with which the most popular addressed to “the glorious object of our of his works (his emblems) was adornexpectation, Prince Charles" (the Se ed. The present age, however, it is cond). Here he remained till 1641, hoped, will restore him to that rank when “ the troubles in Ireland,” says to which he may justly claim. His Fuller," where his loss was great, poetry, it is true, is frequently deformed forced him to return hither, bearing by quaintness, and by far-fetched and his crosses with great patience; so that, long spun conceits; but the excellent according to the advice of St. Hierome, moral which he every where conveys, verba vertebat in opera, and practised the beautiful poetic feeling which occathe job he described.” In England, tionally breaks forth, will entitle him however, he was not destined to find to the notice of the “reading public." that consolation which he sought; for But it is not as a poet that we are having offended the ruling powers by now to view him. His Enchiridion is in the publication of his “ Royal Con- prose, and some of the best prose of vert,” his estates were devastated, and that period. His style is indeed somehis books and manuscripts destroyed.t times quaint and antithetical; but his The latter circumstance is said to have manner is generally good, and his mataffected him so much, as to have has ter excellent. He is less studiously tened his death, which happened on the brief and epigrammatic than Warwick, 8th of September, 1644, in the 52d year and sometimes, though but rarely, rises year of his age. He is said by Wal- into eloquence. There is a devout and pole, Granger, and Pope, I to have been kindly feeling which pervades the whole, pensioned by King Charles; and though and, unlike that of most works which no authority is quoted by any of these are purely didactic, leads the reader authors, there seems to be little reason “ by little and little” ab oro usque ad to doubt it. Charles was a patron of mala, and he closes the volume with genius; and the loyalty and sufferings feelings of regret that it is not longer,
* Worthies of England (Essex,) p. 334-fol. edit. 1662.
+ Granger informs us that " in the time of the civil wars, a paper was preferred against this worthy man by eight persons, of whom he knew not any two, but by sight." Biographical History, vol. I. chap. 9. p. 495. See also the Life of Quarles, by his widow, Ursula, prefixed to bis Paraphrase on Ecclesiastes.
| The hero William, and the martyr Charles,
One kuighted Blackman, and one pensioned Quarles. Dr. Fuller likewise says of him, that he “ was a most excellent poet, and had a mind biassed to devotion." Worthies ubi supra.
U Where the pictures for the page atone,
And Quarles is saved for beauties not his own. “ A considerable resemblance to Young, (says Mr. Campbell) may be traced in the blended strength and extravagance, and the ill assorted wit and devotion of Quarles. Like Young too, he wrote vigorous prose; vitness his Enchiridion."-Specimens, vol. iii.
and with feelings of unmixed and sin Author's own times afforded a melan. cere veneration for its author.
choly comment. The subject of the work is stated in its copious title; but as the arrange republic in a nation where the gentry
LI.-If thou endeavourest to make a ment of the original is arbitrary, we shall not be at much pains in the mar
abounds, thou shalt hardly prosper in that
designe; and if thou wouldest erect a prinshalling of our extracts. When all is excellent, the greatest difficulty is selec- cipality in á land where there is much tion: and, trusting that our specimens effect it. The way to bring the first to
equality of people, thou shalt not easily may induce our readers to refer to the
passe is to weaken the gentry: the means original, we shall conclude our notice to effect the last is to advance and strengthen of a work which we cannot too much ambitious and turbulent spirits, so that commend.
being placed in the midst of them, their
forces may maintain thy power, and thy CENTURY I, APHORISM VII.-There be
favour may preserve their ambition ; otherthree sorts of government,-monarchicall, wise, there shall be neither proportion nor aristocraticall, democraticall, and they are continuance. apt to fall three several wayes into ruin. LXI.-It is a mixt monarchy, if the hierThe first by tyranny; the second by am- archy grow too absolute; it is wisdom in bition; the last by tumults. A common
a prince rather to depresse it than supwealth, grounded upon any of these, is not presse it. All alterations in a fundamental of long continuance, but, wisely mingled, Government bring apparent dangers, but each guard the other, and make that Go too sudden alteration threatens inevitable vernment exact.
ruin. When Aaron made a moulten calle, XXI.-If thou desire to know the power Moses altered not the Government, but the of a State, observe in what correspondence governour. it lives with her neighbouring State. If she make allyance with the contribution He thus concludes the first Century. of money, it is an evident signe of weakDesse : if with her valor of repute of C.-And you, most high and mighty forces, it manifests a native strength. It is Princes of this lower world, who at an infallible signe of power to sell friend this intricate and various game of warre, ship, and of weaknesse to buy it. That vye kingdoines and wiode crownes; and, which is bought with gold, will hardly be by the death of your renowned subjects, maintained with steele.
gaine the lives of your bold-hearted eneXXXVI.-If thou hast conquered a land mies. Know there is a quo warranto, whose language differs not from thine, whereto you are to give account of your change not their lawes nor taxes, and the
eye glorious actions, according to the two kiugdoms will in a short time incor- righteous rules of sacred justice, how porate and make one body. But if the warrantable it is to rend imperiall crownes lawes and language differ, it is difficult to from off the sovereign heads of their maintain thy conquest, which that thou too wcake possessours, or to snatch maist the easier doe, observe three things; scepters from out the conquer'd land first, to live there in person, (or rather of heaven--anointeď majesty, and by send colonies :) secondly, to assist the your vast ambitions, still to enlarge your weak inbabitants, and weaken the mighty; large dominions with kingdoms ravish't thirdly, to admit no powerfull foreigner to from their natural princes, judge you. reside there. Remember Louis the Thir- O, let your brave designs and well-weighed teenth of France, how suddenly he took actions be as just as ye are glorious, and Milan, and how soon he lost it.
consider that all your warres, whose ends XXXIX.-He, that would reform an an are not to defend your own possessions or cient State in a free city, buges conveni- to recover your dispossessions, are but ence with a great danger ; to work this princely injuries, wbich pone but heaven reformation with the less mischief, let such can right. But where necessity strikes a one keep the shadowes of their ancient up her hard alarmes, or wrong'd religion customes, though in substance they be beats her zealous marches, go on and prosnew. Lét him take heed when he alters per; and let both swords and stratagems the nature of things, they béar at least the proclaim a victory, whose noys'd renown ancient names. The common people, that may fill the world with your eternal are naturally impatient of innovations, will glory. be satisfied with that which seems to be, as CENTURY II. APHORISM IX.-Pride is well as that which is.
the ape of charity: in show, not much un
like, but somewhat fuller of action, la Upon the next two Aphorisms our seeking the one, take heed thou light not
upon the other: they are two parallels, hide it; if she continue it, let thy wisdom never cut asunder. Charity feeds the
reprove it. Reprove her not openly, lest poore, so does pride. Charity builds an she grow bold; rebuke her not taunthospital, so does pride. In this they dif- ingly, lest she grow spitefull; proclaim fer-charity gives her glory to God-pride not her beauty, lest she grow proud; boast takes her glory from man.
pot her wisdom, lest thou be thought foolXII. Search into thyself, before thou ish; shew her not thy imperfections, lest accept the ceremony of honour. If thou she disdain thee; pry not into her dairy, art a palace, honour (like the sun-beams,) lest she despise thee; prophane not her will make thee more glorious : if thou art ears with loose communication, lest thou a dunghill, the sun may shine upon thee, defile the sanctuary of her modesty.--An but not sweeten thee. Thy prince may understanding husband makes a discreet give thee honour, but not make thee ho- wife, and she a happy husband. .nourable.
XVIII.-If thou desire to see thy children XXIX.–Be very circumspect in the virtuous, let them not see their father's vices; choice of thy company. In the society thou canst not rebuke that in them that of thine equals, thou shalt enjoy more they behold practised in thee. Till reason pleasure; in the society of thy superiors be ripe, examples direct more than prethou shalt find more profit; to be the best
cepts. Such as thy behaviour is before in the company is the way to grow worse; thy childrens' faces, such commonly is the best means to grow better, is to be their's behind their parents' backs. the worst there. LXXIX.-In thy apparel avoid singu- be sober and sincere; let thy devotion to
XLVII.-Let thy conversation with men larity, profusenesse, and gaudinesse. Be
God be dutifull and decent; let the one be not too early in the fashion, nor too late. hearty, and not haughty; let the other be Decency is the half-way betweene affec. humble, and not homely. So live with tation and neglect. The body is the shell
men, as if God saw thee; so pray to God, of the soul : apparell is the huske of that
as if men heard thee. shell: the husk often tels you what the kernel is.
LXII.-Things temporall are sweeter in XCVII.-So behave thyself among thy
the expectation; things eternall are sweeter
in the fruition. The prst shames thy hope, children, that they may love and honour thy presence. Be not too fond, lest they whose end affords less pleasure than the
the second crowns it. It is a vain journey, fear thee not.—Be not too bitter, lest they fear thee too much; too much familiarity
way. will embolden them; too little counten
LXXXV.God bath given to mankinde ance will discourage them. So carry thy
a common library-his creatures ; and to selfe, that they may rather fear thy dis every man a proper booke, himself being pleasure than thy correction. When thou an abridgement of all the others. If thou reprovest them, doe it in season ; when reade with understanding, it will make thou correctest i hem, doe it not in passion. thee a great master of philosophy, and As a wise child makes a happy father, so
a true servant to the divine Authour. If a wise father makes a happy child. thou but barely reade, it will make thee
C.- The birds of tbe air die to sustain thy own wise man, and the authour's fool. thee; the beasts of the field die to nourish CENTURY IV. ALPHORISM I.-Demean thee; our stomachs are their common se thyself more warily in thy study than in pulcher. Good God! with how many the street. If thy publique actions have deaths are our poor lives patch'd up! how a hundred witnesses, thy private have a full of death is the life of momentary man!
thousand. The multitude lookes but upon CENTURY III. APHORISM 1.-If thou thy actions; thy conscience lookes into take paines in what is good, the paines them. The multitude may chance to exvanish, the good remaines. If thou take cuse thee, if not acquit thee; thy conpleasure in what is evil, the evil remains science will accuse thee, if not condemn and the pleasure vanishes. What art thou thee. the worse for paine, or the better for plea XL.-Marry not too young : and when sure, when both are past?
thou art too old, marry not, lest thou be II.-If thy fancy and judgment have fond in the one, or thou dote in the other, agreed in the choice of a fit wife, be not and repent for both. Let thy liking ripen too fond, lest she surfeit, nor too peevish, before thou love; let thy love advise before lest she languish. Love so, that thou thou choose, and let thy choice be fixt mayst be feared; rule so, that thou mayst before thou marry. Remember, that the be honoured. Be not too diffident, lest whole happiness or unhappiness of thy life thou teach her to deceive thee, nor too depends upon this one act. Remember suspicious, lest thou teach her to abuse nothing but death can dissolve this knot. thee. If thou seest a fault, let thy love He that weds in baste repents oft times by
leisure; and he that repents him of his fear death is the way to live long; to be owne act, either is or was a foole by con afraid of death is to be long a dying. fession.
C.-Convey thy love to thy friend, as an LIII.- Feare death, but be not afraid of arrow to the marke to stick there, not as death. To feare it whets thy expectation; a ball against the wall, to rebound back to to be afraid of it duls thy preparation. If thee, that friendship will not continue to thou canst endure it, it is but a sleight the end, that is begun for an end. pain; if not, it is but a short pain. To
Old Stories. By Miss Spence, Author of " A Traveller's Tale,” fc. 2 vols.
It was a bold undertaking of the fair wish to give an extract from“ Kynasauthor, to venture upon the portraiture ton Cave.” of old Welsh manners from the scanty The name of Humphrey Kynaston knowledge, which “ an excursion into is probably known to many of our reaShropshire and North Wales in the ders, for his cave at Ness Cliff is always summer of 1820," could afford; and the an object of attention with the traveller. result has proved, that, however much -she might have felt inclined to do jus- in the month of May, when all nature dif
« On one of those resplendent mornings - tice to her subject, she did not derive
fuses gladness around, the inhabitants of from her visit sufficient experience to
a small inn in Shropshire were roused from No one will be enabled to deli- sleep, at an earlier hour than usual, to neate the peculiarities of the Welsh usher in with mirth and festivity the mar. peasantry from a mere visit to their riage of the young Isabel of Oswestry with country. He, who would wish to suc
Sir Humphrey Kynaston. She was the ceed in this respect, 'must be one who daughter of William Griffith, called Côch, has dwelt among the wild hills of the or the Red, a man of low degree. But principality; who has mingled without Isabel was lovely as the blooming rose, coldness and reserve in all the innocent There was a simple grace in her deportand happy pastimes of the mountaineers, ment, which characterized her pure and and gathered from their own lips the virtuous mind. It was not decorated with interesting details, which tradition has fine accomplishments, but had that within preserved amongst them. Such an one,
6 which passeth shew;" glowing with all even when be has done all this, must
those genuine feelings of benignity and possess a mind of no ordinary powers, respect of the simple kind-hearted people
goodness, which had won the affection and before he can embody in fictitious narrative the unassuming hospitality, and amongst whom she lived. All of them rough but pleasing courtesy of the this joyous occasion; and in multitudes Cambro-Briton.
crowded round her father's cottage to The “ Stories" now ushered into the follow her with their good wishes, and world are two only in number. The to see her depart. first is called “The Knight's Daughter," “ A number of horsemen, gaily attired and relates to the ill usage of Madog in wedding-suits, would conduct the bride and Llewelyn, the heirs of Gruffydd ab and bridegroom to Middle Castle, - Sir Madog, who were murdered by the Humphrey Kynaston's noble domain. The earl Warren and Sir Roger Mortimer, cavalcade extended from one end of Os in the reign of Edward the First; but westry to the other, consisting of men, this latter circumstance is dispensed women, and children, all decked out with with, and the young Llewelyn becomes ribbons, and the young girls strewing the hero of the tale. The last has for
baskets of flowers before the happy pair
for miles on the way. When Isabel its subject the adventurous exploits of reached this princely residence, she was Sir Humphrey Kynaston, the notorious
struck with surprise and awe at the solemn freebooter of Shropshire, and is by far and gloomy aspect of the Castle. She had the more interesting of the two.
never strayed far beyond her native town, Our limits will not allow us to epito- and her young imagination had not formed mise the “ Knight's Daughter," and we the least idea of the grandeur that awaited the more willingly pass it over, as we her.