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At the present time, when the minds of men are awake to the circumstances of the grand national festival which is approaching, I design to preach three Discourses on the subject of the Jubilee ;-first, on this day, on the Mosaic Jubilee, with its spiritual application to redemption by Christ ;secondly, on the thanksgiving day, on the British Jubilee ;-and thirdly, on the Sunday following, on the Heavenly Jubilee.
And, while these solemn subjects occupy our minds, let us pray, that the word which shall be preached, may be blessed to them who hear it; and that those who have lived hitherto without concern about their exis
“ Jubilee. Now, as at the blowing of the trumpet at “ the Jubilee, all servants went free; so, at the last “ redemption, at the blowing of the trumpet, all Israel “ shall be gathered from the four sides of the world.”Zohar on Lev. p. 53.
tence in a future state, may now be awakened to contemplate its certainty and importance. May they be able, from the period of this earthly Jubilee, to date their well-grounded hope of a heavenly and eternal Jubilee !
In discoursing on the Mosaic Jubilee, we shall treat,
1. Of the sabbatical year, or hallowed seventh year of the Jews, which was one of the most remarkable institutionsgiven by God to his chosen people. We shall endeavour to shew, that it involves in it a conclusive argument for the divine authority and legation of Moses ; and shall then point out a practical lesson which christian nations, at this day, may derive from the conduct of the Israelites concerning it.
2. Of the
seventh sabbatical year,
called the year of Jubilee.* We shall consider its two chief characters of mercy, and then point out its analogy to the mercy of the Gospel and redemption by Christ.
I. It will be proper to premise the general character and purpose of the Mosaic Jubilee.
The ordinance of the Jubilee was first given from Mount Sinai, by God himself; and was intended as a religious, a moral, and a political institution.
1. As a religious institution; to be a memorial of the redemption from Egypt, and a type of the great redemption by Christ. It was a year of respite from worldly care,
Though the Jubilee be here called, “the seventh * sabbatical year," it is not meant that it took place on the 49th, but on the 50th year.
and a season for religious reflection and improvement; and so far, was an emblem of the rest and of the employment of the heavenly Canaan.
2. As a moral institution ; to inculcate the virtues of humanity and charity between man and man, by the frequent exercise of releasing the debtor and redeeming the captive.
3. As a political institution ; first, to preserve the possessions of the tribes of Israel to their respective families ; in order that the house and lineage of the Messiah might be distinctly traced, and the fulfilment of the prophecies concerning him, might be fully established at a future day. For every inheritance in Israel reverted to its original possessor, every fiftieth year. Secondly, to prevent the accumulation of wealth by individuals, and to preserve a
well-regulated equality of property in society. Nor could any injustice or oppression result from it, for every man who bought or sold, knew that the year of Jubilee was to come ; and every thing was transacted with a view to the great year of redemption.
But a grand consequence of the institution of the Jubilee, which it is of primary importance to bring to notice in the present age, was this, that it established the divine authority of Moses. The year of Jubilee, like that sabbatical year on which it was founded, was a standing miracle. Moses foretold, in the presence of all Israël, that the polity which he was establishing, would be confirmed from heaven after his death, every seventh year, and every fiftieth year! Many learned men have overlooked this evidence of the Jewish theocracy; but no Christian ought to be ignorant of the sabbatical, or hallowed seventh year, of