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there knowledge por understanding lot, &c. Her treacherous sister Judah to say, I have burnt part of it in the feared not, but went and played the fire, &c. and shall I make the residue harlot also, &c. committed adultery thereof an abomination? Shall I with stones, and with stocks.-Jer. fall down to the stock of (or that iii. 6. 8,9. which comes from) a tree?-Isa. xliv. Seest thou not what they do in 9–20.
the cities of Judah, and in the streets They shall be ashamed, and also of Jerusalem? The children gather confounded, all of them: they shall wood, and the fathers kindle the fire; go to confusion together, that are and the women knead their dough to makers of idols, &c. They have no make cakes to the queen of heaven, knowledge, that set up the wood of and to pour out drink-offerings unto their graven image, and pray unto a other gods, that they may provoke god that cannot save.-Isa. xlv. 16. 20. me to anger.-Jer. vii. 17, 18.
To whom will ye liken me? &c. One cutteth a tree out of the forest, They lavish gold out of the bag, and &c. they fasten it with nails; they weigh silver in the balance; and hire speak not, &c. be not afraid of them, a goldsmith, and he maketh it a god; for they can do neither evil por good, they fall down, yea, and worship : &c. They are altogether brutish, they bear him upon the shoulder; and foolish : the stock is a doctrine they carry him, and set him in his of vanities, silver spread into plates, place, and he standeth : from his &c. but the Lord is the true God, &c. place shall he not remove: yea, one The gods that bave not made the shall cry to him; yet can he not heavens and the earth, even they answer, nor save him out of his shall perish from the earth, and from trouble.--Isa. xlvi. 5-7.
under the heavens, &c. Every founder I have even from the beginning is confounded by the graven image; declared, &c. lest thou shouldest say, for his molten image is falsehood, Mine idol hath done them: and my and there is no breath in them : they graven image, and my molten image are vanity, and the work of errors.hath commanded them.-Isa. xlviii. 5. Jer. x. 3–5. 8—11. 14. 15.
A people that provoketh me to Are there any among the vanities anger continually to my face; that of the Gentiles that can cause rain ? sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth --Jer. xiv. 22. incense upon altars of brick, &c.- The Gentiles shall come, &c. and Isa. Ixv. 3, 4. Jer. i. 16.
say, Surely our fathers have inherited Hath a nation changed their gods, lies, vanity, and things, wherein is which are yet no gods? But my no profit : shall a man make gods people have changed their glory for unto himself, and they are no gods ? that which doth not profit, &c. The Jer. xvi. 19, 20. house of Israel is ashamed, &c. say. Then all the men which knew that ing to a stock, Thou art my father; their wives had burnt incense unto and to a stone, Thou hast brought other gods, and all the women that me forth, &c. But where are thy stood by, &c. answered Jeremiah, gods, that thou hast made thee? let saying, &c. We will certainly do them arise, if they can save thee in whatsoever thing goeth forth out of the time of thy trouble ; for accord- her own mouth, to burn incense unto ing to the number of thy cities, are the queen of heaven, and to pour out thy gods, O Judah.--Jer. ii. 11.26_ drink-offerings unto her, as we have 28. xi. 12, 13.
done, we and our fathers, our kings Israel is gone up upon every high and our princes, in the cities of Judah, mountain, and under every green and in the streets of Jerusalem; for tree; and there hath played the har- then had we plenty, &c. So that the
Lord could no longer bear, because for they have sown the wind.--Hosea of the evil of your doings.- Jer. viii, 4—7. xliv. 15–22.
According to the multitude of his I am broken with their whorish fruit, he hath increased the altars : heart, which hath departed from me; according unto the goodness of his and with their eyes, which go a land, they have made goodly images : whoring after their idols.-Ezek. their heart is divided; now shall they vi. 9.
be found faulty; he shall break down The vision that Ezekiel had of their altars : he shall spoil their their abominable idolatry.-Ezek. viii. images.-Hosea x. 1, 2.
These men have set up their idols And now they sin more and more, in their heart, and put the stumbling. and have made them molten images block of their iniquity before their of their silver, and idols according face: should I be inquired of at all to their own understanding; all of by them ? &c. I the Lord will an- it the work of the craftsmen : they swer him that cometh, according to say of them, Let the men that sacrithe multitude of his idols, &c. I the fice, kiss the calves: therefore they Lord will answer him by myself.— shall be as the morning cloud, &c.Ezek. xiv. 3–7. Hosea ii. 2–4. Hosea xiii. 2, 3.
The insatiable idolatry of Jerusa- I will cut off them who worship lem, with all nations.-Ezek. xvi. the host of heaven, &c. that swear 15, &c.
by the Lord, and swear by Malcham. I will do these things unto thee, —Zeph. i. 4,5. Amos viii. 14. because thou hast gone a whoring For the idols have spoken vanity, after the heathen, and because thou and the diviners have seen a lie, and art polluted with their idols,-Ezek. have told false dreams, &c.--Zech. xxiii. 30. xvi. 36, &c.
x. 2. Such of the Levites who had offered Nor will we say any more to the before idols, God refused, afterwards, work of our hands, ye are our gods. that they should offer any more unto -Hosea xiv. 3. him.- Ezek. xliv. 10–15.
Judah hath profaned the holiness The image Nebuchadnezzar set up. of the Lord, which he loved (or ought -Dan. iii.
to love); and hath married the Belshazzar and his princes, &c. daughter of a strange god.-Mal. ii, 11. praised the gods of gold and of silver, God turned, and gave them up to &c.—Dan. v. 3, 4.
worship the host of heaven.-Acts My people ask counsel at their vii. 42. stocks, and their staff declareth unto The people said, &c. The gods them: for the spirit of whoredoms are come down unto us, in the likehave caused them to err, and they ness of men: and they called Barnahave gone a whoring from under their bas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, God: they sacrifice upon the tops of because he was the chief speaker. the mountains, and burn incense upon Then the priest of Jupiter, which the hills, under oaks, &c. Ephraim was before the city, brought oxen is joined to idols; let him alone.- and garlands unto the gates, and Hosea iv. 12, 13. 17.
would have done sacrifice with the Of their silver and their gold have people : which when the apostles, they made them idols, that they may Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they be cut off. Thy calf, O Samaria, rent their clothes, and ran in among hath cast thee off: mine anger is the people, crying out, and saying, kindled, &c. The workman made it, Sirs, why do ye these things? We therefore it is not God: but the calf also are men of like passions with of Samaria shall be broken in pieces; you; and preach unto you, that ye should turn from those vanities, unto heaven or earth), as there be gods the living God, which made heaven many, and lords many; but to us and earth, &c.--Acts xiv. 11--15. 18. there is but one God, &c.-1 Cor.
We write unto them, that they viii. 4–6. abstain from pollutions of idols. Neither be ye idolaters, as were Acts xv. 20. 29.
some of them : as it is written, The Paul, &c. at Athens, his spirit was people sat down to eat and drink, and stirred within him, when he saw the rose up to play, &c. My dearly becity wholly given to idolatry (or full loved, fee from idolatry, &c. What of idols), therefore disputed he in the say I then, that the idol is any thing? synagogue, &c. Ye men of Athens, or that which is offered in sacrifice to I perceive that in all things ye are idols is any thing? But I say, that too superstitious: for, as I passed the things which the Gentiles sacriby, and beheld your devotions (or fice, they sacrifice to devils, and not gods whom ye worship), I found an toGod; and I would not that ye should altar with this inscription, To The have fellowship with devils.- 1 Cor. UNKNOWN God. Whom thereforeye x. 7. 14. 19, 20. ignorantly worship, &c. Forasmuch Ye know that ye were Gentiles, then as we are the offspring of God, carried away unto these dumb idols, we ought not to think that the god- even as ye were led.—1 Cor. xii. 2. head is like unto gold, or silver, or Ye did service unto them, which by stone, graven by art, or man's device. nature are not gods.-Gal. iv. 8. -Acts xvii. 16, 17. 22, 23. 29.
How ye turned to God from idols, Demetrius said, This Paul hath to serve the living and true God.persuaded and turned away much 1 Thess. i. 9. people, saying, That they be no gods Little children, keep yourselves which are made with hands : so that from idols.- John v. 21. not only this our craft is in danger to And the rest of the men which were be set at nought; but also, that the not killed by these plagues, yet retemple of the great goddess Diana pented not of the works of their should be despised, and her magnifi- hands, that they should not worship cence should be destroyed, whom all devils, and idols of gold, and silver, Asia and the world worshippeth, &c. and brass, and stone, and of wood; Great is Diana of the Ephesians, &c. which neither can see, nor hear, nor The image which fell down from walk.-Rev. ix. 20. Jupiter.-Acts xix. 26–28. 34, 35. The Lord will be terrible unto
When they knew God, they glori- them; for he will famish (or make fied him not as God, neither were lean) all the gods of the earth.-Zeph. thankful ; but became vain in their ii. 11. imaginations, &c. and changed the glory of the incorruptible God, into an image made like to corruptible
CHAP. XXXIX. man, and to birds, &c. who changed OF ANGELS APPEARING TO MEN: the truth of God into a lie, and served WHAT THEY ARE, AND DO. the creature more than the Creator. -Rom. i. 21. 23. 25. ii. 22. Ps cvi. AND the angel of the Lord found 19-21
Hagar by a fountain of water, &c. Thou who abhorrest idols, dost And the angel of the Lord said unto thou commit sacrilege?—Rom. ii. 22. her, Return to thy mistress, &c. I
We know that an idol is nothing will multiply thy seed exceedingly, in the world, and that there is none &c.-Gen. xvi. 7-11. other God but one: for though there Three men appeared to Abraham: be that are called gods (whether in his discourse with them, and enter
taining of them. Gen. xviii. Dan. And Jacob went on his way, and x. 5, &c.
the angels of God met him: and when And there came two angels to So- Jacob saw them, he said, This is dom at even, and Lot sat in the gate God's host, &c. And Jacob was left of Sodom: and Lot seeing them, rose alone, and there wrestled a man with up to meet them; and he bowed him- him, &c. As a prince hast thou power self with his face toward the ground, with God and with men, &c. And &c. but the men put forth their hand. Jacob said, I have seen God face to and pulled Lot into the house, &c. face, and my life is preserved.-Gen. and they smote the men that were at xxxii. 1, 2. 24. 28. 30. Hosea xii. 4. the door of the house with blindness, The angel which redeemed me from &c. And the men said unto Lot, all evil, bless the lads.-Gen. xlviii. 16. Hast thou here any besides? son-in- And the angel of the Lord appeared law, &c. for we will destroy this unto Moses in a flame of fire out of place,&c. The angels hastened Lot, the midst of a bush, &c. And when &c. and while he lingered, the men the Lord saw that he turned aside to laid hold upon his hand, &c. When see, God called unto him out of the they had brought them forth abroad, midst of the bush, &c. said, I am the he said, Escape for thy life, &c. And God of thy father, &c.—Exod. iii. Lot said unto them, o not so, my 2-6. Acts vii. 30. 35. Lord, &c. And he said unto him, See, And the angel of God which went I have accepted thee concerning this before the camp of Israel, removed, thing, &c. Then the Lord rained and went behind them: and the pillar upon Sodom, and upon Gomorrah, of the cloud, &c.—Exod. xiv. 19, 20, brimstone, &c.—Gen. xix. 1.10–13. Behold, I send an angel before thee 15—19. 21. 24.
to keep thee in the way, &c. for mine And the angel of God called to Ha- angel shall go before thee, and bring gar out of heaven, and said unto her, thee in unto the Amorites.--Exod. What aileth thee, Hagar? Fear not, xxiii. 20. 23. xxxii. 34. xxxiii. 2. for God hath heard the voice of the He heard our voice, and sent an lad.-Gen. xxi. 17.
angel, and hath brought us forth out And the angel of the Lord called of Egypt.-Numb. xx. 16. unto him out of heaven, and said, God was angry with Balaam, beAbraham, Abraham, &c. Lay not cause he went: and the angel of the thine hand upon the lad, &c. 'And Lord stood in the way, for an adverthe angel of the Lord called unto sary against him, &c. And the ass Abraham out of heaven the second (upon which he rode) saw the angel time.-Gen. xxii. 11, 12. 15. of the Lord standing in the way, and
Abraham said unto his servant, his sword drawn in his hand: and the The Lord God of heaven, &c. he shall ass turned aside, &c. But the angel send his angel before thee, and thou of the Lord stood in a path of the shalt take a wife unto my son from vineyards, &c. And when the ass thence.-Gen. xxiv. 6, 7.
saw the angel of the Lord, she thrust Jacob dreamed, and behold a ladder, herself unto the wall, &c. And the &c. and the angels of God ascending angel of the Lord went farther, and and descending onit.-Gen. xxviii. 12. stood in a narrow place, &c. and when
The angel of God spake unto Jacob the ass saw the angel of the Lord, in a dream, &c. said, 'For I have seen she fell down under Balaam, &c. all that Laban doth unto thee: I am Then the Lord opened the eyes of the God of Bethel, where thou anoint- Balaam, and he saw the angel of the edst the pillar, and where thou row. Lord standing in the way, and his edst a vow unto me.-Gen. xxxi. sword drawn in his hand : and he 11-13.
bowed down his head, and fell fat on his face, &c. And the angel of the wisdom of an angel of God.—2 Sam. Lord said unto Balaam, Go with the xiv. 20. men; but only the word that I shall When the angel stretched out his speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak, hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, -Numb. xxii. 22–27. 31-35. the Lord repented him of the evil.
When Joshua was by Jericho, &c. 2 Sam. xxiv. 16. 1 Cbron. xxi. 15, behold there stood a man over against 16. 18. 20. 30. him with his sword drawn in his The angel of the Lord came to Elihand: and Joshua went unto him, and jah, and gave him food,&c.—1 Kings said unto him, Art thou for us, or for xix. 5--7. our adversaries? and he said, Nay, The angel of the Lord said unto but as captain (or prince) of the host Elijah, Go down to meet the messenof the Lord, am I now come. And gers, &c.—2 Kings i. 15. Joshua fell on his face unto the earth, The angel of the Lord went out, and did worship; and said unto him, and smote in the camp of the Assy. What saith my Lord unto his servant? rians one hundred fourscore and five Josh. v. 13-15.
thousand.-2 Kings xix, 35. Isa. An angel of the Lord came, &c. xxxvii. 36. when the angel of the Lord spake His angels he charged with folly. these words, &c. the people lift up -Job iv. 18. their voice and wept.-Judges ii. 1.4. The angel of the Lord encampeth
Curse ye Meroz (said the angel of round about them that fear him, and the Lord, &e.) because they came not delivereth them.-Ps. xxxiv. 7. Dan. to the belp of the Lord.-Judges iii. 28. vi. 22. v. 23.
Let the angel of the Lord chase And there came an angel of the them, &c. Persecute them.-Ps. Lord, and sat under an oak, &c. ap- xxxv. 5, 6. peared unto Gideon, and said unto The chariots of God are twenty him, The Lord is with thee, &c. And thousand; even thousands (or many Gideon said unto him, O my Lord, thousands) of angels.-Ps. Ixvii. 17. &c. The Lord said unto him, Surely, Man did eat angel's food, &c. He I will be with thee, &c. And the cast upon them the fierceness of his angel of God said unto him, Take the anger, wrath, indignation, and trouble, flesh, and the unleavened cakes, and by sending evil angels amongst them. lay them upon this rock, &c. Then - Ps. Ixxviii. 25. 49. the angel of the Lord put forth the For he shall give his angels charge end of the staff, and touched the flesh, over thee, to keep thee in all thy &c. And when Gideon perceived ways: they shall bear thee upin their that he was an angel of the Lord, hands, lest thou dash thy foot against Gideon said, Alas! O Lord God; a stone. -Ps. xci. 11, 12. Matt. for, because I have seen an angel of iv. 6. the Lord, face to face. And the Lord Bless the Lord, ye his angels, that said unto him, Peace be unto thee, excel in strength; that do his comfear not; thou shalt not die.-Judges mandments.-Ps. cüi. 20. vi. 11, 12. 15-17. 20—23.
Who maketh his angels spirits: his The angel of the Lord appeared to ministers a flaming fire.-Ps. civ. 4. Manoah's wife, &c. When Manoah Heb. i. 7. knew that he was an angel of the Praise ye him, all his angels, &c. Lord, he said unto his wife, We shall - Ps. cxlviii. 2. surely die, because we have seen Neither say thou before the angel, God.-Judges xiii. 3. 22.214.171.124. 18. that it was an error.—Eccles. v. 6. 21, 22.
They are called seraphims, each My Lord is wise, according to the one had six wings,&c.- Isa. yi.2, &c.