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Godliness with contentment is great the treasures in Egypt.-Heb. xi. gain. For we brought nothing into 24—26. this world, and it is certain we canL et your conversation be without carry nothing out: having food and covetousness; and be content with raiment, let us be therewith content: such things as ye have; for he hath but they that will be rich, fall into said, I will never leave thee, nor fortemptation and a snare, and into many sake thee: so that we may boldly foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown say, the Lord is my helper, & in destruction and perdition: Heb. xij. 5, 6. for the love of money is the root of Let the brother of low degree reall evil; which, while some coveted joice in that he is exalted; but the after, they have erred from the faith, rich, in that he is made low; because and pierced themselves through with as the flower of the grass he shall many sorrows. But thou, O man of pass away. For the sun is no sooner God, flee these things, &c. Charge risen with a burning heat, but it them that are rich in this world, that withereth the grass, and the flower they be not high minded, nor trust thereof falleth, and the grace of the in uncertain riches, but in the living fashion of it perisheth ; so also shall God, who giveth us richly all things the rich man fade away in his ways. to enjoy; that they do good, that --James i. 9-11. they be rich in good works, ready to Hath not God chosen the poor of distribute, willing to communicate ; this world, rich in faith, and heirs of laying up in store for themselves a the kingdom, which he hath promised good foundation against the time to to them that love him? but ye have come.—1 Tim. vi. 6–11.17-19. despised the poor. Do not rich men

Endure hardness, as a good soldier oppress you, and draw you before the of Jesus Christ. No man that war- judgment seat? Do not they blasreth, entangleth himself with the pheme that worthy name ? &c.affairs of this life, that he may please James ii. 5–7. him who hath chosen him to be a Know ye not, that the friendship of soldier.—2 Tim. ii. 3, 4.

the world is enmity with God? WhoIn the last day, &c. men shall be soever therefore will be a friend of lovers of their ownselves, &c. lovers the world is the enemy of God, &c. of pleasures, more than lovers of God. Go to now, ye that say, To-day or -2 Tim. iij. 4.

to-morrow we will go into such a city, Demas hath forsaken me, having and continue there a year, and buy, loved this present world, &c.--2 Tim. and sell, and get gain; whereas ye iv. 10.

know not what shall be on the morThe earth, which, &c. bringeth row: for, what is your life? it is forth herbs meet for them by whom even a vapour, &c. For that ye ought it is dressed, receiveth blessing from to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, God.—Heb. vi. 7.

and do this or that: but now you reYe, &c. took joyfully the spoiling joice in your boastings: all such reof your goods; knowing in your. joicing is evil.-James iv. 4. 13–16. selves that ye have in heaven a better Acts xviii. 21. 1 Cor. xvi. 7. and enduring substance.--Heb.x.34. Go to now, ye rich men; weep

By faith, Moses, when he was come and howl, for your miseries that shall to years, refused to be called the son come upon you. Your riches are corof Pharaoh's daughter; choosing ra- rupted, and your garments are moth ther to suffer affliction with the people eaten; your gold and silver is canof God, than to enjoy the pleasures kered, and the rust of them shall be of sin for a season; esteeming the a witness against you, and shall eat reproach of Christ greater riches than your flesh as it were fire : ye have heaped treasure together for the last 1 Pet. iv. 7. 2 Pet. iii. 7. 10, 11. days. Behold, the hire of the labour- 1 John ii. 17. ers which have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by

CHAP. XXXVIII. fraud, crieth, &c. Ye have lived in

OF IDOLATRY, SETTING UP GRAVEN pleasure on the earth, and have been wanton; ye have nourished your


STRANGE GODS. hearts, as in a day of slaughter; ye have condemned and killed the just. Idols are called dunghill gods.---James v. 1-6.

1 Kings xxi. 26. 2 Kings xxi. 21. All flesh is as grass, and all the Ezek. vi. 6.9. 13. glory of man as the flower of grass : Laban said to Jacob, Wherefore the grass withereth, and the flower hast thou stolen my gods -Gen. thereof falleth away.--1 Pet. i. 24. xxxi. 30.

Humble yourselves, therefore, un- Jacob said unto his household, and der the mighty hand of God, &c.cast- to all that were with him, Put away ing all your care upon him, for he the strange gods that are among you, careth for you.—1 Pet. v. 6, 7. &c. And they gave unto Jacob all

Love not the world, neither the the strange gods which were in their things that are in the world: if any hand, and all their earrings which man love the world, the love of the were in their ears; and Jacob hid Father is not in him. For all that them under the oak which was by is in the world, the lust of the flesh, Shechem.-Gen. xxxv. 2. 4. and the lust of the eyes, and the pride I am the Lord thy God. Thou shalt of life, is not of the Father, but is of have no other gods before me. Thou the world; and the world passeth shalt not make unto thee any graven away, and the lust thereof.-1 John image, or any likeness of any thing i, 15—17.

that is in heaven above, or that is in Greater is he that is in you, than the earth beneath, or that is in the he that is in the world: they are of water under the earth : thou shalt the world, therefore speak they of not bow down thyself to them, nor the world, and the world heareth serve them; for I the Lord thy God them.-1 John iv. 4, 5.

am a jealous God, &c. Ye shall not Whatsoever is born of God, over- make with me gods of silver, neither cometh the world; and this is the shall ye make unto you gods of gold. victory that overcometh the world, -Exod. xx. 2-5. 23. Deut. iv. even our faith. Who is he that over- 15—18. Ps. Ixxxi. 9, 10. Hosea cometh the world, but he that be- xiii. 4. lieveth that Jesus is the Son of God? He that sacrificeth unto any god, - John v. 4, 5.

save unto the Lord only, he shall be The kings of the earth, and the utterly destroyed.—Exod. xxii. 20. great men and the rich men, and the Deut. xxx. 17, 18. xxxi. 16—18. chief captains, and the mighty men, Make no mention of the names of and every bondman, and every free- other gods: neither let it be heard man, hid themselves in the dens, and out of thy mouth, &c. Thou shalt not in the rocks of the mountains; and bow down to their gods, nor serve said to the mountains and rocks, Fall them, nor do after their works; but on us, and hide us from the face of thou shalt utterly overthrow them, him that sitteth on the throne, &c. and quite break down their images, Rev. vi. 15–17.

&c. Thou shalt make no covenant Heaven and earth shall pass away: with them, nor with their gods, &c. all these things shall end.-Mait. If thou serve their gods, it will surely xxiv. 35. Ps. cii. 25, 26. Isa. li. 6. be a snare unto thee.-Exod. xxix.

13. 24. 32, 33, Ps. cvi. 36. Judges ple did eat, and bowed down to their . 3.

gods; and Israel joined himself unto The people gathered themselves Baal-peor: and the anger of the Lord together unto Aaron, and said unto was kindled against Israel.-Numb. him, Up, make us gods, which shall xxv. 2, 3. Ps. cvi. 28. go before us; for, as for this Moses, Upon their gods also the Lord exe&c. we wot not what is become of cuted judgments.-Numb. xxxiii. 4. him. And Aaron said unto them, Take heed unto yourselves : for ye Break off the golden earrings, &c. saw no manner of similitude, &c. lest and bring them unto me, &c. And ye corrupt yourselves, and make you he received them at their hands, and a graven image, the similitude of any fashioned it with a graving tool, after figure.-Deut. iv. 15–18. 23. 25. he had made it a molten calf. And Ye shall not go after other gods, they said, These be thy gods, O Is- of the gods of the people which are rael, which brought thee up out of round about you: for the Lord thy the land of Egypt: and when Aaron God is a jealous God.-Deut. vi. 14, saw it, he built an altar before it, &c. 15. xi. 16. And they rose up early on the mor- Neither shalt thou make marriages row, and offered burnt-offerings, &c. with them, &c. for they will turn And the Lord said unto Moses, &c. away thy son from following me, that Let me alone, that my wrath may they may serve other gods; so will wax hot against them, &c. Moses the anger of the Lord be kindled caused the calf to be broken into against you, &c. Ye shall destroy powder, and scattered, &c.—Exod. their altars, &c.—Deut. vii. 3-5. xxxii. 1-6. 9,10.20. Ps.cvi. 19, 20. 16. 25. Acts vii. 38, &c.

Take heed to yourselves, that your Ye shall destroy their altars, break heart be not deceived, and ye tura their images, and cut down their aside and serve other gods, and worgroves ; for thou shalt worship no ship them; and then the Lord's other god: for the Lord, whose name wrath be kindled against you, and he is Jealous, is a jealous God: lest shut up the heaven that there be no thou make a covenant with the inha- rain, and that the land yield not her bitants of the land, and they go a fruit.- Deut. xi. 16, 17. whoring after their gods, and do sacri- Ye shall utterly destroy all the fice unto their gods, &c. Thou shalt places wherein the nations which ye make thee no molten gods.—Exod. shall possess served their gods, &c. xxxiv. 12. 17. Numb. xxxiii. 51,52. you shall overthrow their altars, &c.

And they shall no more offer their Do not inquire after their gods, saysacrifices unto devils, after whom they ing, How did these nations serve their have gone a whoring, &c.—Levit. gods? &c.—Deụt. xii. 2, 3. 30, 31. xvii. 7.

Such who should endeavour to draw Turn you not unto idols, nor make others to idolatry, were to be put to yourselves molten gods: for I am death.-Deut. xiii. the Lord your God.-Levit. xix. 4. Thou shalt not plant thee a grove

Ye shall make you no idols, nor of any trees near unto the altar of the graven image, neither rear you up a Lord thy God, which thou shalt make standing image (or pillar); neither thee: neither shalt thou set thee up shall ye set up any image (or figure) any image (or statue) which the Lord of stone in your land, to bow down thy God hateth.—Deut. xvi. 21, 22. to it; for I am the Lord your God. If any hath gone and served other -Levit. xxvi. I.

gods, and worshipped them; either They called the people unto the the sun, or moon, or any of the host sacrifices of their gods: and the peo- of heaven, which I have not commanded, he shall be stoned, &c. Micah's mother said, I had wholly Deut. xvii. 3. 5.

dedicated the silver unto the Lord, to That they teach you not to do after make a graven image, &c. And she all their abominations, which they made an image, &c. Micah consehave done unto their gods: so should crated the Levite, &c. The Danites ye sin against the Lord your God.- take away the idol, and the priest, Deut. xx. 18.

&c. Then Micah cried out, Ye have Cursed be the man that maketh taken away my gods which I made, any graven or molten image, &c. the and the priest, and ye are gone away: work of the hands of the craftsman. and what have I more? &c. And the -Deut. xxvii. 15.

children of Dan set up the graven Ye have seen their abominations, image.-Judges xvii. 3—5. 12. xvüi. and their idols (or dunghill gods); 16–20. 22–24.30, 31. wood, stone, &c.—Deut. xxix. 17, The Philistines, when the god 18. 24, &c.

Dagon fell before the ark, would not God said, Israel would go after tread on the threshold on which it' strange gods; and that he would fell and broke.—1 Sam. v. 2, &c. leave them, and much evil should Solomon, in his old age, was drawn come, &c.-Deut. xxx. 16–18. away to commit idolatry.—1 Kings

They provoked him to jealousy xi. 4–10. with strange gods, &c. They sacri- Israel, in Ahab's time, worshipped ficed to devils, not to God; to gods Baal as a god, and called on him.whom they knew not, &c.—Deut. 1 Kings xviii. 26. xxxii, 17. 21. Ps. cvi. 37.

Jeroboam (lest Israel, by going up Neither make mention of the name to Jerusalem to worship, should reof their gods, neither cause to swear volt to Rehoboam) made two calves by them; neither serve them, nor of gold, and set one in Bethel, and bow yourselves to them.-Josh. xxiii. the other put he in Dan; and said, 7. 16. xxiv. 14. 23.

Behold thy gods, O Israel! So When Joshua and that generation Israel went, and worshipped. And were dead, and there arose a new he made an house of high places : generation which knew not the Lord, and made priests of the lowest of the they forsook the Lord, and followed people, &c. ordained a feast, &c. strange gods.-Judges ii. 10.12~14. which he had devised, &c.—1 Kings 19. Deut. xxxi. 16. 29. Judges x. xii. 26–34. xiv. 9, 10. 2 Chron. 6. 13. iii. 6, 7.

xi. 15. Will ye plead for Baal ? &c. If he They built them high places, and be a god, let him plead for himself. images, and groves, on every high -Judges vi. 31.

hill, and under every green tree. — Gideon made an ephod thereof, and 1 Kings xiv. 23. 2 Kings xvii. 9— put it in his city, even in Ophrah ; 12. 16. and all Israel went thither a whoring Asa, king of Judah, removed all after it: which thing became a snare the idols, &c. but the high places unto Gideon, and his house. And were not removed. - 1 Kings xv. when Gideon was dead, the children 11-15. of Israel turned again, and went a Elijah mocked the worshippers of whoring after Baalim, and made Baal- Baal; and said, Cry aloud, for he is berith their god.-Judges viii. 27. 33. a god : either he is talking, pursuing, X. 6, 7. 13, 14.

or in a journey, or peradventure he The Philistines praise, and offer sleepeth, &c.—1 Kings xviii. 27. sacrifice to Dagon their god, for de- All the kings of Israel, after Jerolivering Samson to them.-Judges boam, did continue in the same idoxvi. 23, 24.

latry, till Ahab : and Ahaziah, son

of Ahab, served Baal, and worshipped and to the bats.—Isa.ü.8, 9.18—20. him.- 1 Kings xvi. xxii. 51–53. xxxi. 7.

Hezekiah destroyed idolatry, re. At that day shall a man look to moved the high places, brake the his Maker, &c. and he shall not look images, and cut down the groves, to the altars, the work of his hands; and brake in pieces the brasen ser- neither shall he respect that which pent that Moses had made ; for unto his fingers have made, either the those days the children of Israel did groves, or the images.—Isa. xvii. 7,8. burn incense to it, and he called it Hosea xiv. 8. Nehushtan, &c. So did Josiah the To whom then will ye liken God? king.—2 Kings xviii. 4. xxiii. 4. &c. or what likeness will ye compare unto

Manasseh's idolatry ; setting up him? The workman melteth a graven all his father had pulled down.- image, &c.—Isa. xl. 18-20. 25. 2 Kings xxi. 3–7.

The carpenterencouraged the goldKing Ahaz's idolatry.-2 Chron. smith (or founder), &c. Shew the xxviji. 23. 25. . .

things that are to come hereafter, If we have forgotten the name of that we may know that ye are gods: our God, or stretched out our hands yea, do good, or do evil, &c. Beto a strange god, shall not God search hold, ye are of nothing (or worse this out ? for he knoweth the secrets than nothing), and your work of of the heart.-Ps. xliv. 20, 21. nought: an abomination, &c. Their

All the gods of the nations are molten images are wind, and conidols, but the Lord (or Jehovah) fusion.—Isa. xli. 7. 23, 24. 29. made the heavens.-Ps. xcvi. 5. I am the Lord : that is my name;

Confounded be all they that serve and my glory will I not give to anograven images, that boast themselves ther, neither my praise to graven of idols. Worship him, all ye gods.- images, &c. They shall be turned Ps. xcvii. 7.

back, they shall be greatly ashamed, Our God is in the heavens; he that trust in graven images; that say hath done whatsoever he pleased. to the molten images, Ye are our Their idols are silver and gold, the gods.- Isa. xlii. 8. 17. work of men's hands: they have They that make a graven image, mouths, but they speak not: eyes are all of them vanity, &c. they see have they, but they see not : they not, nor know, that they may be have ears, but they hear not: noses ashamed. Who hath formed a god, have they, but they smell not, &c. or molten a graven image, that is They that make them, are like unto profitable for nothing? Behold, all them: so is every one that trusteth his fellows shall be ashamed: and in them.-Ps. cxv. 3—9. cxxxv. 15, the workmen, &c. they shall be &c. Deut. iv. 28. Hab. ii. 18, 19. ashamed together, &c. The carpen

Their land is also full of idols : ter, &c. heweth him down cedar, &c. they worship the work of their own he will take thereof, and warm himhands; that which their own fingers self: yea, he kindleth it, and baketh have made; and the mean man bow- bread: yea, he maketh a god, and eth down, and the great man hum- worshippeth it: he maketh it a grableth himself, &c. The idols he shall ven image, and falleth down thereto: utterly abolish; and they shall go he burneth part thereof in the fire, into the holes of the rocks, and into &c. and the residue thereof he maketh the caves of the earth, for fear of the a god, even his graven image; he Lord, &c. In that day, a man shall falleth down and worshippeth it, and cast his idols of silver, and his idols prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver of gold, which they made each one me, for thou art my god, &c. None for himself to worship, to the moles, considereth in his heart; neither is

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