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streets of Jerusalem, &c. if ye can mands him to arise, and search out find a man, if there be any that exe- the sin, and remove the cause.--Josh. cuteth judgment, that seeketh the vii. 6—16. truth, and I will pardon it.—Jer. Israel in all their distresses cried v. 1.
to the Lord, and he helped.--Judges When Jeremiah was taken with iii. 9. iv. 3. vi. 7. x. 10–14. 1 Sam. the rest of the Jews, God took care xii. 9, 10. 2 Kings xix. 14—19. of him.---Jer. xxxix. 11, 12. 14. If I shut up heaven, that there be xl. 2, &c.
no rain, &c. or if I send pestilence I will make a full end of all nations, among my people: if my people whither I have driven thee: but I will which are called by my name, shall not make a full end of thee.- Jer. humble themselves, and pray, and xlvi. 28. Levit. xxvi. 44, 45. seek my face, and turn from their evil
Set a mark upon the foreheads of ways, then will I hear from heaven, the men that sigh, and that cry for all and will forgive their sins, and will the abominations, &c. Slay utterly heal their land.--2 Chron. vii. 13, 14. old and young, &c. but come not near Deut. iv. 29, 30. xxx. 1, &c. any man upon whom is the mark. When Jerusalem was in distress, Ezek. ix. 4-6.
the princes and the king humbled Though these three men, Noah, themselves, &c. And God said, They Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should have humbled themselves, I will not deliver but their own souls only.- destroy them, but I will grant them, Ezek. xiv. 14. 18. 20.
&c.—2 Chron. xii. 6, 7. xxxii. 26. All ye meek of the earth, which For a long season Israel had been have wrought his judgment, &c. it without the true God, &c. but when may be ye shall be hid in the day of they in their trouble did turn unto the the Lord's anger.-Zeph. ii. 3. Lord God of Israel, and sought him,
Hurt not the earth, &c. till we have he was found of them.—2 Chron. sealed the servants of our God in xv. 3, 4. their foreheads.--Rev. vii. 2, 3. When Judah was beset by Israel,
And it was commanded them, that they cried unto the Lord.—2 Chron. they should not hurt, &c. but only xiji. 14. those men which have not the seal of So Asa cried, &c.-2 Chron. xiv. 11. God in their foreheads.-Rev, ix. 4. Jehoshaphat proclaimed a fast
throughout all Judah, in such a case. les of the Rignte. -2 Chron. xx. Ezra viii. 21-23. ous in such times of Distress. Nehemiah mourned, and wept, and WHEN God had said he would not go fasted, when he had heard of the sad up with Israel, but send his angel, calamity of the Jews; and he prayed, because they had sinned: the people &c. So did Jeremiah.-Neh. i. 3-5. mourned, and no man did put on his ii. 2, 3. Lam. iii. 48, 49. ornaments.-Exod. xxxiii. 1, &c. When the Jews were near destruc
If they shall confess their iniquity, tion by Haman's means, &c. Mordecai &c. if then their uncircumcised hearts and the Jews greatly mourned, fasted, be humbled, and they then accept of wept, lay in sackcloth.—Esth. iv. the punishment of their iniquity : 1-3. 16. then will I remember my covenant The Psalmist makes complaint, and with Jacob,&c.—Levit. xxvi. 40-42. prays to God earnestly for the church
When God's anger brake out against in great calamity. --Ps. Ixxiv. Ixxix. Israel, Moses prayed for them.--. lxxx. Numb. xi. 1, 2.
By the rivers of Babylon, there we When Israel fled before the men of sat down, yea, we wept, when we Ai, Joshua prayed, and God com- remembered Zion, &c. If I forget
thee, O Jerusalem, let, &c.-Ps. will repent of the evil that I thought cxxxvii. 1.4–6.
to do unto them. Behold, I frame Despise not the chastening of the evil against you, &c. return ye now, Lord, neither be weary of his correc- every one from his evil way, &c.tion.—Prov. iii. 11, 12.
Jer. xvii. 7, 8. 11. The people turneth not to him that God complaineth against Judah, smiteth them, neither do they seek that though they were destroyed, yet the Lord of hosts.- Isa. ix. 13, 14. were they not humbled.- Jer. xliv.
I will weep bitterly, labour not to 6. 10. comfort me, &c. And in that day did The Lord blamed Baruch for seekthe Lord of hosts call to weeping, ing great things for himself in a day and to mourning, and to baldness, of affliction.-Jer. xly. 5. &c. and behold joy, and gladness, Arise, &c. pour out thine heart like slaying of oxen, &c. This iniquity water before the Lord : lift up thine shall not be purged from you till ye hands toward him, for the life of thy die, saith the Lord God of hosts.- young children, &c.-Lam. ii. 19, 20. Isa. xxii. 4. 12–14.
Let us search, and try our ways, In the way of thy judgments, O and turn again to the Lord: let us Lord, have we waited for thee, &c. lift up our heart with our hands unto Come, my people, enter thou into thy God in the heavens.-Lam. iij.40,41. chambers, &c. until the indignation Set a mark upon the foreheads of be overpast.—Isa. xxvi. 8. 12. 20, 21. the men that sigh, and that cry for all
Hezekiah spread Rabshakeh's let the abominations that be done in the ter before the Lord, and prayed unto midst thereof.--Ezek. ix. 4. the Lord, &c.—Isa. xxxvii. 14, &c. I sought for a man among them,
There is none that calleth upon thy that should make up the hedge, and name, that stirreth up himself to take stand in the gap before me for the hold of thee; for thou hast, &c.con- land, that I should not destroy it, but sumed us, &c.—Isa. Ixiv. 7–10. I found none.—Ezek. xxii. 30.
Thou hast stricken them, but they Daniel in the captivity confesseth, have not grieved: thou hast consum- and prayeth.—Dan. ix. 3, &c. ed them, but they have refused to Come, let us return unto the Lord, receive correction, &c. They refused for he hath torn, and he will heal us. to return.-Jer. v. 3. ii. 30.
-Hosea vi. 1. O that my head were waters, and God calls upon Israel to sanctify a mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I fast, and to cry unto the Lord. Joel might weep day and night, for the i. 13, 14. Zeph. ii. 1-3. slain of the daughter of my people.- Turn ye even to me with all your Jer. ix. 1.
hearts, and with fasting, and with My soul shall weep in secret places weeping, and with mourning; and for your pride: and mine eye shall rend your hearts, and not your garweep sore, and run down with tears, ments, and turn unto the Lord your because the Lord's flock is carried God, &c. Who knoweth if he will away captive.-Jer. xiii. 17. return and repent, and leave a bless
In the great famine, Jeremiah con- ing behind him? Blow the trumpet fesseth the sin of the people, and in Zion, sanctify a fast.-Joel. ii. 12 prays and pleads with God for Israel -17. Deut. xxx. 1, &c. at large.-Jer. xiv.
Because I will do this, &c. prepare At what instant I shall speak con- to meet thy God, O Israel. - Amos cerning a nation and concerning a iv. 12. kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull The prudent shall keeep silence in down, and to destroy it: if that na- that time: for it is an evil time, &c. tion, &c. turn from their evil way, I let judgment run down as waters, &c. -Amos v. 13-15. 24. Micah vii. Against all the gods (or princes) 5–7.
of Egypt, I will execute judgment: I Woe to them that are at ease in am the Lord.—Exod. xii. 12. Zion, &c. but they are not grieved for And the Lord said unto Moses, the affliction of Joseph.- Amos vi, 1. Gather unto me seventy of the elders 3. 6. Isa. lvii. 1.
of Israel, &c. and I will take of the The mariners called upon Jonah to spirit which is upon thee, and will pray, and inquired for what cause put it upon them: and they shall they were in danger. Jonah i.5, &c. bear the burden of the people with
The people of Nineveh upon a thee, &c.-Numb. xi. 16, 17. 25. threatening, fast, pray, and turn from Judges and officers shalt thou make their evil way.-Jonah iji. 5, &c. thee in all thy gates, which the Lord
Though there shall be no herd in thy God giveth thee throughout thy the stalls; yet will I rejoice in the tribes: and they shall judge the peoLord; I will joy in the God of my ple.—Deut. xvi. 18. salvation.-Hab. iii. 17-19.
He raiseth up the poor out of the Is this a time for you to dwell in dust, and lifteth the beggar from the your ceiled houses, and this house lie dunghill, to set them among princes, waste? now therefore, thus saith the and to make them inherit the throne Lord of hosts, Consider (or set your of glory.—1 Sam. ii. 8. heart upon)your ways.-Hag.i.4,5.7. When the people asked a king, the
When ye fasted and mourned, did Lord said unto Samuel, &c. For they ye at all fast unto me? &c. Execute have not rejected thee, but they have true judgment, &c.—Zech. vii. 5. 9, rejected me, that I should not reign 10. Isa. Iviii. 3–8.
over them.-1 Sam, viii. 5–7. x. 18, When ye hear of wars, &c. be ye 19. xii. 12. 17–20. not troubled : for such things must Saith Cyrus king of Persia, The needs be.--Mark xiii. 7.
Lord God of heaven hath given me all Jesus said unto them, Suppose ye the kingdoms of the earth.--Ezra i. 2. that these Galileans were sinners The kings whom thou hast set over above all the Galileans, because they us because of our sins; also they have suffered such things? I tell you, nay: dominion over our bodies, and over but except ye repent, ye shall all our cattle, &c.--Neh. ix. 37. likewise perish. Or, those eighteen Promotion cometh neither from the upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, east, nor from the west, &c. but God and slew them; think ye that they is the judge: he putteth down one, were sinners above all men that dwelt and setteth up another.-Ps. Ixxv. 6,7. in Jerusalem? I tell you, nay: but God, &c. judgeth among the gods, except ye repent, &c.-Luke xiii. 1-5. &c. I have said, Ye are gods, &c.
Ps. Ixxxii. 1. 6.
By me kings reign, and princes
decree justice: by me princes rule, MAGISTRATES AND MAGISTRACY and nobles, even all the judges of the
ARE THE ORDINANCE OF GOD. earth.--Prov, viii. 15, 16. Sect. I. That Magistracy is the Or
For the transgression of a land, dinance of God: that by him are many are the princes thereof.Prov. Magistrates advanced to offices, &c.
xxviii. 2. The Titles given them.
* In that day shall the Lord of hosts
be, &c. for a spirit of judgment to The kingdom is the Lord's, and he him that sitteth" in judgment. - Isa. is the governor among the nations. xxviii. 5, 6. Ps. xxii. 28. Dan. iv. 17. John ü. I have made the earth, &c. and have 27. xix. 11.
given it unto whom it seemeth meet
unto me. And now have I given, &c. unto man, &c. in so doing, my Maker, to Nebuchadnezzar.--Jer. xxvii. 5-7. &c.—Job xxxii. 21, 22.
Blessed be the name of God, &c. Accepteth not the persons of prinhe changeth the times and the seasons: ces, nor regardeth the rich more than he removeth kings and setteth up the poor; for they are all the work of kings, &c. For the God of heaven his hands: in a moment shall they hath given thee a kingdom, power, die.—Job xxxiv. 18—20. and strength, and glory, &c. he is a Bewise now, therefore, O ye kings: God of gods, and Lord of lords.-- Dan. be instructed, ye judges of the earth: ii. 20, 21. 37, 38. 47.
serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice To the intent that the living may with trembling: kiss the Son, lest he know that the Most High ruleth in be angry, and ye perish from the way, the kingdom of men, and giveth it to when his wrath is kindled.-Ps. ii. whomsoever he will, and setteth up 10—12. over it the basest of men, &c. And He shall cut off the spirit of printhey shall drive thee from men, &c. ces: and is terrible to the kings of the until thou know that the Most High earth.-Ps. Ixxvi. 12. ruleth in the kingdom of men, and I have said ye are gods, &c. but ye giveth it to whomsoever he will. shall die like men, and fall like one Dan. iv. 17. 32.
of the princes. --Ps. Ixxxii. 6, 7. O thou king, the most high God The king's heart is in the hand of gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a the Lord : as the rivers of water, he kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and turneth it whithersoever he will.honour; and for the majesty that he Prov. xxi. 1. gave him, all people, &c. trembled, If thou seest the oppression of the &c.-Dan. v. 18, 19. ii. 37, 38. poor, and violent perverting of judg
I gave thee a king in mine anger, ment and justice, &c. he that is higher and took him away in my wrath. than the highest, regardeth, and there Hosea xiii. 11.
be higher than they.--Eccles. v. 8. • There is no power but of God, the · The Lord will enter into judgment powers that be, are ordained (or or- with the ancients of his people, and dered) of God: whosoever therefore the princes, &c.—Isa. iii. 14. resisteth the power, resisteth the or- Ye scornful men, that rule this dinance of God. Rulers are not a people, &c. because ye have said, We terror, &c. for he is the minister of have made a covenant with death, &c. God to thee for good.-Rom. xiii. 1-4. thus saith the Lord, &c. Your coveSect. 11. What they are in the sight &c. when the overflowing scourge
nant with death shall be disannulled, of God, and considered as Men. shall pass through, then shall ye be AGAINST all the gods of Egypt I will trodden down by it.—Isa. xxviii. 14 execute judgment: I am the Lord.— -16. 18. Exod. xii. 12.
He that sitteth upon the circle of He leadeth counsellors away spoil- the earth, &c. that bringeth the prined, and maketh the judges fools: ces of the earth to nothing: he maketh he looseth the bonds of kings, and the judges of the earth as vanitygirdeth their loins with a girdle: he Isa. xl. 22, 23. leadeth princes away spoiled, and Say to the prince of Tyrus, Thus overthroweth the mighty, &c. he saith the Lord God: Because thine poureth contempt upon princes, and heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, weakeneth the strength of the mighty. I am a god, I sit in the seat of God, -- Job xii. 17-21. Ps. cvii. 40. &c. yet thou art a man, and not God:
Let me not accept any man's though thou set thine heart as the person, neither give hattering titles heart of God &c. therefore, thus saith the Lord God, &c. I will bring and I will make them rulers over you, strangers upon thee, &c. and they &c. And I charged your judges at shall bring thee down to the pit, and that time, saying, Hear the causes thou shalt die the deaths of them, &c. between your brethren, and judge but thou shalt be a man and no god, righteously between every man and in the hand of him that slayeth thee. his brother, and the stranger that is -Ezek. xxviii. 2.6—9.
with him: ye shall not respect persons Nebuchadnezzar the king, in the in judgment: but you shall hear the height of his pride, driven out among small as well as the great : you shall the beasts.-Dan. iv. 30–33. not be afraid of the face of man, for
There is no respect of persons with the judgment is God's; and the cause God. Rom. ï. 11.
that is too hard for you, bring it unto The spirits of devils working mi- me, &c.—Deut. i. 13. 15–17. . racles, which go forth unto the kings The Lord your God is God of gods, of the earth, to gather them, &c. &c. which regardeth not persons nor Rev. xvi. 13-16.
taketh reward ; be doth execute the The kings of the earth committed judgment of the fatherless and widow. fornication with the great whore.- -Deut. x. 17, 18. Rev. xvii. 1, 2.
Judges and officers shalt thou make,
&c. and they shall judge the people Sect. II. What are the Duties of
with just judgment: thou shalt not Magistrates: and what they should
wrest judgment; thou shalt not rebe negatively, and affirmatively.
spect persons, neither take a gift: for I CONSIDERED all the oppressions that a gift doth blind your eyes, &c. that are done under the sun, and behold which is altogether just shalt thou the tears of them who were oppres- follow.-Deut. xvi. 18. 20. sed, and they had no comforters; and Thou shalt in any wise set him on the side of the oppressors there king over thee whom the Lord thy was power: but they had no com- God shall choose : one from among forter.—Eccles. iv. ).
thy brethren shalt thou set king over Thou shalt provide out of all the thee; thou mayest not set a stranger people able men, such as fear God: over thee, which is not thy brother; men of truth, hating covetousness; but he shall not multiply horses to and place such over them to be rulers. himself, &c. And it shall be when -Exod. xviii. 21.
he sitteth upon the throne of his Thou shalt not wrest the judgment kingdom, that he shall write him of the poor in his cause, &c. and thou a copy of this law in a book, &c. and shalt take no gift: for the gift blind- it shall be with him, and he shall eth the wise, &c.—Exod. xxiii. 6. 8. read therein all the days of his life, Deut. xvi. 19.
that he may learn to fear the Lord his Ye shall do no unrighteousness God, to keep all the words of this in judgment: thou shalt not respect law, &c. that his heart be not lifted up the person of the poor, nor honour above his brethren, and that he turn the person of the mighty : but in not aside from the commandment.righteousness thou shalt judge thy Deut. xvii. 15, &c. Josh. i. 8. neighbour.—Levit. xix. 15. Prov. If there be a controversy between xxxi. 9.
men, and they come unto judgment, Moses, when the people had sin- that the judges may judge them; then ned, prayed earnestly for them, &c.- they shall justify the righteous and Numb. xiv. 13, &c. Deut. ix. 25, &c. condemn the wicked.-Deut. xxv. 1. Josh. vii. 7,&c.
Prov. xvii. 15. Take ye wise men and understand. Samuel's sons walked not in his ing, and known among your tribes, ways: but turned aside after lucre,