The Role of the Sun in Climate Change
Reviews the physics of the concept of solar forcing, tracing its history from its beginnings in the early 1800s to its apparent success in the 1920s, to its near demise in the 1950s and its resurrection. The emphasis is on solar variation as a driver for climate change, with only a brief discussion of other mechanisms.
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11-year cycle Abbot aerosols appear astronomical atmosphere aurorae cause century changes in solar climate change convection correlation curves cycle lengths cyclones Dalton Minimum drought Earth effect emission energy eruption exist faculae Figure Gaia Hypothesis global greenhouse Group Sunspot heat Herschel Hevelius Hypothesis increase lake levels Langley locations magnetic field Maunder Minimum mean measurements meteorological occur peak penumbra period photosphere plotted polar precipitation predict problem proxy radiant output radiometer rainfall reconstruction records regions satellite scales scientists shows signal ſº solar activity solar constant solar cycle solar forcing solar influences solar irradiance solar luminosity solar rotation solar variations solar-cycle lengths solar-irradiance variations spots stars stellar storm tracks studies suggest sun's sun’s sun/climate relationships sunspot blocking sunspot cycle sunspot decay sunspot groups sunspot structure surface telescope temperature terrestrial thermal radiation tion tree rings variability variations in solar vary volcanic warming wavelengths weather Wolf Sunspot Numbers