The Background of Ecology: Concept and Theory

Capa
Cambridge University Press, 26 de set de 1986 - 383 páginas
The Background of Ecology is a critical and up-to-date review of the origins and development of ecology, with emphasis on the major concepts and theories shared in the ecological traditions of plant and animal ecology, limnology, and oceanography. The work traces developments in each of these somewhat isolated areas and identifies, where possible, parallels or convergences among them. Dr McIntosh describes how ecology emerged as a science in the context of nineteenth-century natural histor
 

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Conteúdo

Antecedents of ecology
1
A transformed natural history
4
What is ecology?
6
Sources of ecology seen by biologists
9
Sources of ecology seen by historians
11
Who founded ecology?
19
Selfconscious ecology
21
The crystallization of ecology
28
Physiological ecology and population ecology
147
Definition and antecedents of population ecology
150
Population census and survey
153
Theoretical population ecology
171
Theoretical ecology competition and equilibrium
178
Ecosystem ecology systems ecology and big biology
193
Ecosystem ecology
203
Systems ecology
209

Nuclei for ecology
34
Plant ecology physiology and plant geography
39
Marine ecology
49
Limnology
57
Terrestrial animal ecology
61
The institutionalization of ecology
66
Dynamic ecology
69
Early community and equilibrium concepts
71
Dynamic plant ecology
76
Animal community dynamics
85
Aquatic communities
93
Paleoecology
98
Equilibrium
104
Quantitative community ecology
107
Marine biology
110
Limnology
120
Terrestrial plant ecology
127
Problems of quantitative community ecology
138
Population ecology
146
The International Biological Program
213
Systems analysis
221
Recent ecosystem ecology
234
Theoretical approaches to ecology
242
The revolution in theoretical ecology
243
Ecologists as philosophers
247
Ecological theory and evolution
256
Community theory
263
Ecological laws and principles
267
Theoretical mathematical ecology
276
Ecology and environment
289
Ecology and the conservation movement
292
Nature preserves and surveys
298
Human ecology
301
Ecology and the environmental movement
308
References
324
Name index
373
Subject index
378
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