The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning

Frank Fischer, John Forester
Duke University Press, 15 de set. de 1993 - 327 páginas
Public policy is made of language. Whether in written or oral form, argument is central to all parts of the policy process. As simple as this insight appears, its implications for policy analysis and planning are profound. Drawing from recent work on language and argumentation and referring to such theorists as Wittgenstein, Habermas, Toulmin, and Foucault, these essays explore the interplay of language, action, and power in both the practice and the theory of policy-making.
The contributors, scholars of international renown who range across the theoretical spectrum, emphasize the political nature of the policy planner's work and stress the role of persuasive arguments in practical decision making. Recognizing the rhetorical, communicative character of policy and planning deliberations, they show that policy arguments are necessarily selective, both shaping and being shaped by relations of power. These essays reveal the practices of policy analysts and planners in powerful new ways--as matters of practical argumentation in complex, highly political environments. They also make an important contribution to contemporary debates over postempiricism in the social and policy sciences.

Contributors. John S. Dryzek, William N. Dunn, Frank Fischer, John Forester, Maarten Hajer, Patsy Healey, Robert Hoppe, Bruce Jennings, Thomas J. Kaplan, Duncan MacRae, Jr., Martin Rein, Donald Schon, J. A. Throgmorton


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Editors Introduction
Think Tanks
The Case of Acid Rain in Great Britain
The Case of Ethnicity Policy Arguments in the Netherlands
Norms of Argument in Healthy Policy
Analytical Concepts Frames Tropes and Narratives
Electric Power Planning Arguments in Chicago
Reframing Policy Discourse
Beginnings Middles and Ends
The Priority of Practical Judgment
Theoretical Perspectives
From Science to Argument
The Communicative Turn in Planning Theory
Policy Reforms as Arguments
Consensual versus Adversarial
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Sobre o autor (1993)

Frank Fischer is Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University in Newark and a member of the Bloustein Graduate School of Planning and Public Policy on the New Brunswick campus.

John Forester is Professor of City and Regional Planning at Cornell University.

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