Radiation Detection and MeasurementThis is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book. 
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LibraryThing Review
Comentário do usuário  br77rino  LibraryThingA clearly written textbook on the theories and instrumentation needed for measuring various forms of highenergy radiation. Ler resenha completa
Conteúdo
Radiation Sources 1  1 
Units and Definitions 2  2 
Fast Electron Sources 3  3 
1 Some Pure BetaMinus Sources 4  4 
Heavy Charged Particle Sources 6  6 
Sources of Electromagnetic Radiation 10  10 
4 Some Radioisotope Sources of LowEnergy XRays 16  16 
Neutron Sources 19  19 
Ancillary Equipment Required with Photomultiplier Tubes  294 
Photodiodes as Substitutes for Photomultiplier Tubes  297 
Scintillation Pulse Shape Analysis  308 
Hybrid Photomultiplier Tubes  312 
PositionSensing Photomultiplier Tubes  315 
Photoionization Detectors  317 
Radiation Spectroscopy with Scintillators  321 
GammaRay Interactions  322 
1  22 
7 Alternativea n Isotopic Neutron Sources 23  23 
Radiation Interactions  29 
Interaction of Heavy Charged Particles  30 
Interaction of Fast Electrons  42 
Interaction of Gamma Rays  47 
Interaction of Neutrons  53 
Radiation Exposure and Dose  56 
1 Exposure Rate Constant for Some Common Radioisotope GammaRay Sources  57 
Counting Statistics and Error Prediction  65 
Characterization of Data  66 
Statistical Models  70 
4 Probability of Occurrence of Given Deviations Predicted by the Gaussian  78 
Applications of Statistical Models  79 
6 Examples of Error Intervals for a Single Measurement x 100  84 
Error Propagation  85 
Optimization of Counting Experiments  92 
Limits of Detectability  94 
Distribution of Time Intervals  99 
General Properties of Radiation Detectors  105 
Modes of Detector Operation  106 
Pulse Height Spectra  112 
Counting Curves and Plateaus  113 
Energy Resolution  115 
Detection Efficiency  118 
Dead Time  121 
Ionization Chambers  131 
1 Values of the Energy Dissipation per Ion Pair the WValue for Different Gases  132 
Charge Migration and Collection  135 
Design and Operation of DC Ion Chambers  138 
Radiation Dose Measurement with Ion Chambers  142 
2 Thicknesses of Ionization Chamber Walls Required for Establishment of Electronic  144 
Applications of DC Ion Chambers  146 
Pulse Mode Operation  149 
Proportional Counters  159 
Design Features of Proportional Counters  164 
Proportional Counter Performance  169 
1 Diethorn Parameters for Proportional Gases  172 
3 Gain Pulse Height Variations in a Proportional Counter  178 
Detection Efficiency and Counting Curves  184 
Variants of the Proportional Counter Design  189 
4 Spectral Properties of Light Emitted in Gas Proportional Scintillation Counters  194 
Micropattern Gas Detectors  195 
GeigerMueller Counters  207 
The Geiger Discharge  208 
Fill Gases  210 
Time Behavior  212 
The Geiger Counting Plateau  214 
Design Features  216 
Counting Efficiency  217 
TimetoFirstCount Method  219 
GM Survey Meters  220 
Scintillation Detector Principles  223 
Organic Scintillators  224 
1 Properties of Some Commercially Available Organic Scintillators  230 
Inorganic Scintillators  235 
3 Properties of Common Inorganic Scintillators  238 
4 Properties of Gas Scintillators at Atmospheric Pressure  256 
Light Collection And Scintillator Mounting  258 
5 Typical Light Yield for Fiber Scintillators  267 
Photomultiplier Tubes and Photodiodes  275 
The Photocathode  276 
Electron Multiplication  280 
Photomultiplier Tube Characteristics  283 
1 Properties of Some Commercially Available Photomultiplier Tubes  289 
Predicted Response Functions  326 
Properties of Scintillation GammaRay Spectrometers  338 
Response of Scintillation Detectors to Neutrons  355 
Electron Spectroscopy with Scintillators  356 
Specialized Detector Configurations Based on Scintillation  357 
1  364 
Semiconductor Diode Detectors  365 
1 Properties of Intrinsic Silicon and Germanium  368 
2 Parameters of the 252Cf Fission Fragment Spectrum  406 
1  408 
Germanium GammaRay Detectors  415 
Table A 1  451 
Other SolidState Detectors  467 
Photon Intensities per Disintegration of 241Am  478 
Properties of Semiconductor Materials  492 
Some Alternative Compound Semiconductor Materials  499 
Comparison of Electrical and Charge Transport Properties of DirectConversion  513 
Slow Neutron Detection Methods  519 
Properties of Emitter Materials for SPN Detectors Based on Beta Decay  547 
Fast Neutron Detection and Spectroscopy  553 
Properties of Some Commercially Available Lithium Glass Scintillators  564 
Maximum Fractional Energy Transfer in Neutron Elastic Scattering  571 
Pulse Processing  595 
Properties of Coaxial Cables  600 
Summary of Common PulseProcessing Functions  611 
Pulse Shaping Counting and Timing  625 
Contents  643 
Pulse Height Analysis Systems  647 
Digital Pulse Processing  668 
Some Examples of Fast AnalogtoDigital Converters  674 
Systems Involving Pulse Timing  680 
Pulse Shape Discrimination  700 
Multichannel Pulse Analysis  705 
General Multichannel Characteristics  707 
The Multichannel Analyzer  711 
Spectrum Stabilization and Relocation  721 
Spectrum Analysis  724 
Miscellaneous Detector Types  733 
GasFilled Detectors in SelfQuenched Streamer Mode  735 
HighPressure Xenon Spectrometers  738 
Liquid Ionization and Proportional Counters  739 
Cryogenic Detectors  741 
Photographic Emulsions  748 
Thermoluminescent Dosimeters and Image Plates  751 
TrackEtch Detectors  759 
Commonly Used TrackEtch Materials  761 
Superheated Drop or Bubble Detectors  764 
Neutron Detection by Activation  767 
Materials Useful as Slow Neutron Activation Detectors  770 
Detection Methods Based on Integrated Circuit Components  774 
Background and Detector Shielding  779 
Levels of Activities from Natural Sources in Common Construction Materials  782 
Background in GammaRay Spectra  784 
Background in Other Detectors  789 
Alpha Particle Emission Rates from Various Materials  790 
Shielding Materials  791 
Active Methods of Background Reduction  795 
Appendix A The NIM CAMAC and VME Instrumentation Standards  801 
NIM Standard Logic Levels  802 
Appendix B Derivation of the Expression for Sample Variance in Chapter 3  807 
Statistical Behavior of Counting Data for Variable Mean Value  809 
The ShockleyRamo Theorem for Induced Charge  813 
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825  
Termos e frases comuns
absorber absorption active volume alpha particles anode applications atomic number avalanche background beta particles bremsstrahlung capacitance Chapter charge carriers charged particles circuit common constant corresponding counting rate crystal decay depletion detection distribution drift effects efficiency electric field electron–hole pairs emission emitted energy loss energy resolution factor fast neutron Figure fission fraction gamma gammaray gammaray energies germanium detectors IEEE Trans incident input Instrum interaction ion chamber ion pairs ionization layer linear material measurement Meth multiplication NaI(Tl Neutron Detection neutron energy noise normally Nucl nuclear operation output pulse peak photocathode photoelectrons photomultiplier tube photon pileup pixel PM tube preamplifier produced proportional counters pulse amplitude pulse height spectrum pulse shape radiation detectors range rays reaction recoil result scattering scintillation semiconductor semiconductor detectors shown in Fig silicon spectra spectroscopy statistical surface temperature thermal thickness typical voltage