Petroleum and Gas Field Processing
The immediate product extracted from oil and gas wells consists of mixtures of oil, gas, and water that is difficult to transport, requiring a certain amount of field processing. This reference analyzes principles and procedures related to the processing of reservoir fluids for the separation, handling, treatment, and production of quality petroleum oil and gas products. It details strategies in equipment selection and system design, field development and operation, and process simulation and control to increase plant productivity and safety and avoid losses during purification, treatment, storage, and export. Providing guidelines for developing efficient and economical treatment systems, the book features solved design examples that demonstrate the application of developed design equations as well as review problems and exercises of key engineering concepts in petroleum field development and operation.
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A Brief Review
TwoPhase GasOil Separation
ThreePhase OilWaterGas Separation
Emulsion Treatment and Dehydration of Crude Oil
Desalting of Crude Oil
Crude Oil Stabilization and Sweetening
Storage Tanks and Other Field Facilities
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absorption amine API gravity bottom calculated carbonate Catalysis chemical coalescence column components condensation crude oil dehydration density desalting determine dew point diameter drilling emulsion equation equipment feed field processing flash flotation units flow line flow rate fluid fraction free water gas capacity constraint gas stream gas-oil separation glycol GOSP heat horizontal separator hydrate formation hydrocarbons hydrogen sulfide injection Inlet interface liquid MDEA methanol method minimum mixture MMSCFD mole fraction molecular sieve natural gas normally oil and gas oil droplets oil pad operating pressure perforating petroleum phase produced water psia pumping Purisol recovery regenerated remnant water removed retention time constraint seam-to-seam length selection shown in Figure skimmer solution solvent sour gas SP pack specific gravity stabilization stage storage tanks sulfur surface three-phase separators trays treater treatment tubing valve vessel viscosity volume volumetric flow rate water droplets wellhead