The Architecture of Fear: Urban Design and Construction Response to Urban Violence in Lagos, Nigeria
Institut français de recherche en Afrique, 1997 - 136 páginas
In 1993, when some scholars from the University of Ibadan made a proposal to the Institut Français de Recherche en Afrique (IFRA) — French Institute for Research in Africa, to study the increasing spate of urban violence in Africa, it was not anticipated that the scope of the study would increase at such a fast pace in the following years. The Institute agreed to fund the project and an international symposium was organized in Nigeria in 1994, with the aim of focusing attention on the issue of urban violence and determining its impact on the different segments of the society. Since 1994, however, urban violence in Nigeria took on a renewed ferocity with a dramatic increase in the loss of life and property. In Nigeria today, there is little security of life and property; urban residents live in perpetual fear of the morrow. They are wary in the day and terrified at night. One of Nigeria’s foremost scholars of the urban milieu has observed that, despite the existence of the Nigerian Police Force, armed robbers and burglars have the run of our cities. Hired assassins move across the urban domain with impunity. In addition to this pervasive insecurity of life and property is the constant struggle against poverty and deprivation. How have Nigerians reacted to this situation? This research, which is a follow-up to the 1994 Urban Violence Symposium addresses this question.
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Abodunrin Agege AJEGUNLE analysis areas in Lagos burglary proofing cent cost of crime crime in Lagos crime prevention criminal activities criminal justice system defensible space density residential areas economy of Nigeria element of CPTED environment environmental design fear of crime feeling of insecurity felt insecure fences field assistants Fieldwork Figures in parentheses high density residential households that felt houses IFRA Ikeja Ikoyi increasing involved ISBN Lagos Island Lagos Mainland landlords LGAs lights live local government areas low density residential medium density Metropolitan Lagos monetary costs Mushin Nigeria observed Office of Statistics Operation Sweep ownership parentheses are row police political population proportion questionnaires reduce urban violence residential buildings residents respondents robbery row percentages S/No security devices Shomolu social Source spatial strategies streets Surulere Table territoriality Total types University of Ibadan University of Lagos urban design urban violence variables victim Victoria Island vigilante groups violence in Lagos