Alexander A Friedmann: The Man who Made the Universe Expand

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Cambridge University Press, 11 de mai de 2006 - 280 páginas
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Our universe can be described mathematically by a simple model developed in 1922 at Petrograd (St. Petersburg) by Alexander Friedmann (1888-1925). Without the benefit of observational evidence, Friedmann predicted that the whole universe would expand and evolve with time. This astonishing prediction was confirmed seven years later by Edwin Hubble. Its originator, unfortunately didn't live to savor this triumph. This vivid biography of an outstanding scientist sets his life and work against a wide backdrop of the history of cosmological studies and its major players, such as Einstein and others. The book is a window on Friedmann's school and university years, military service, and teaching and research during a seminal period of Soviet history. The authors include unique archival material, such as Friedmann's letters from the Russian Front, as well as contemporary records and reminiscences of colleagues. There is a detailed treatment of his work in theoretical cosmology (1922-1924), set in the context of the organization of Soviet science at the time.
 

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Conteúdo

1 The Friedmanns and the Voyacheks
1
2 At the 2nd St Petersburg Gymnasium
12
3 University years 190614
28
4 In search of a way
58
5 War years
68
6 MoscowPermPetrograd
86
7 Theoretical department of the Main Geophysical Observatory
97
8 Space and time
114
10 Petrograd 192024
176
11 The final year
194
12 Friedmanns world
215
Conclusion
254
Main dates in Friedmanns life and work
256
Bibliography
258
Name index
262
Direitos autorais

9 Geometry and dynamics of the Universe
144

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