Sociolinguistic Typology: Social Determinants of Linguistic Complexity
Oxford University Press, 20 de out de 2011 - 236 páginas
Peter Trudgill looks at why human societies at different times and places produce different kinds of language. He considers how far social factors influence language structure and compares languages and dialects spoken across the globe, from Vietnam to Nigeria, Polynesia to Scandinavia, and from Canada to Amazonia. Modesty prevents Pennsylvanian Dutch Mennonites using the verb wotte ('want'); stratified society lies behind complicated Japanese honorifics; and a mountainous homeland suggests why speakers of Tibetan-Burmese Lahu have words for up there and down there. But culture and environment don't explain why Amazonian Jarawara needs three past tenses, nor why Nigerian Igbo can make do with eight adjectives, nor why most languages spoken in high altitudes do not exhibit an array of spatial demonstratives. Nor do they account for some languages changing faster than others or why some get more complex while others get simpler. The author looks at these and many other puzzles, exploring the social, linguistic, and other factors that might explain them and in the context of a huge range of languages and societies. Peter Trudgill writes readably, accessibly, and congenially. His book is jargon-free, informed by acute observation, and enlivened by argument: it will appeal to everyone with an interest in the interactions of language with culture, environment, and society.
O que estão dizendo - Escrever uma resenha
Não encontramos nenhuma resenha nos lugares comuns.
1 Sociolinguistic typology and the speed of change
2 Complexification simplification and two types of contact
3 Isolation and complexification
4 Mechanisms of complexification
5 Contact and isolation in phonology
adult agglutinating agreement Aikhenvald allomorphy Arabic areas argued Austronesian languages Chapter cites classiWer clitic communities complexification complexiWcation consonants contact situations creoles crucial cultural Dahl demonstrate deWnite dialect contact discussed distinction diVerent types Dixon diYcult Dutch Dyirbal eVects example Faroese function fusional fusional languages gender marking German grammatical gender grammaticalization guages high-contact Icelandic inventories involved inXectional inXuence irregular isolated Kusters language contact large numbers linguistic change linguistic complexity linguistic typology loss low-contact markers mature phenomena modern morphological morphological categories native speakers Norwegian noun noun class o’clock obviously occur Old English Old Norse opacity phonetic phonological pidgins plural preWxes processes pronominal pronouns reduction reference relatively result reXect role says Scandinavian simplification simpliWcation singular snow social networks societies sociolinguistic sociolinguistic typology sociolinguistic-typological sound changes spoken structure suggest suYx Swedish syntagmatic redundancy tense third person tion traditional-dialects Trudgill typical varieties vowel world’s languages Wrst person